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The new MIBA model: Real-time nowcasting of French GDP using the Banque de France's monthly business survey

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  • Mogliani, Matteo
  • Darné, Olivier
  • Pluyaud, Bertrand

Abstract

This paper introduces a new nowcasting model of the French quarterly real GDP growth rate (MIBA), developed at the Banque de France and based on monthly business surveys. The model is designed to target initial announcements of GDP in a mixed-frequency framework. The selected equations for each forecast horizon are consistent with the time frame of real-time nowcasting exercises: the first one includes mainly information on the expected evolution of economic activity, while the second and third equations rely more on information on observed business outcomes. The predictive accuracy of the model increases over the forecast horizon, consistent with the gradual increase in available information. Furthermore, the model outperforms a wide set of alternatives, such as its previous version and MIDAS regressions, although not a specification including also hard data. Further research should evaluate the performance of the MIBA model with respect to promising alternative approaches for nowcasting GDP (e.g. mixed-frequency factor models with targeted predictors), and consider forecast combinations and density forecasts.

Suggested Citation

  • Mogliani, Matteo & Darné, Olivier & Pluyaud, Bertrand, 2017. "The new MIBA model: Real-time nowcasting of French GDP using the Banque de France's monthly business survey," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 64(C), pages 26-39.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ecmode:v:64:y:2017:i:c:p:26-39
    DOI: 10.1016/j.econmod.2017.03.003
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    Cited by:

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    3. Bec, Frédérique & Mogliani, Matteo, 2015. "Nowcasting French GDP in real-time with surveys and “blocked” regressions: Combining forecasts or pooling information?," International Journal of Forecasting, Elsevier, vol. 31(4), pages 1021-1042.
    4. Tomas Adam & Filip Novotny, 2018. "Assessing the External Demand of the Czech Economy: Nowcasting Foreign GDP Using Bridge Equations," Working Papers 2018/18, Czech National Bank.
    5. Cobb, Marcus P A, 2018. "Improving Underlying Scenarios for Aggregate Forecasts: A Multi-level Combination Approach," MPRA Paper 88593, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. M. Mogliani & T. Ferrière, 2016. "Rationality of announcements, business cycle asymmetry, and predictability of revisions. The case of French GDP," Working papers 600, Banque de France.
    7. E. Monnet & C. Thubin, 2017. "Construction crises and business cycle: consequences for GDP forecasts," Rue de la Banque, Banque de France, issue 39, february..
    8. Gerardin Mathilde, & Ranvier Martial., 2021. "Enrichment of the Banque de France’s monthly business survey: lessons from textual analysis of business leaders’ comments," Working papers 821, Banque de France.
    9. Daniel Roash & Tanya Suhoy, 2019. "Sentiment Indicators Based on a Short Business Tendency Survey," Bank of Israel Working Papers 2019.11, Bank of Israel.
    10. Clément Bortoli & Stéphanie Combes & Thomas Renault, 2018. "Nowcasting GDP Growth by Reading the Newspapers," Economie et Statistique / Economics and Statistics, Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques (INSEE), issue 505-506, pages 17-33.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Nowcasting GDP; Mixed-frequency data; Model selection; Real-time data;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes
    • C52 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Evaluation, Validation, and Selection
    • C53 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Forecasting and Prediction Models; Simulation Methods
    • E37 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Forecasting and Simulation: Models and Applications

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