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Market for Education and Student Achievement

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  • Alexis Le Chapelain

    (Département d'économie)

Abstract

Cette thèse vise à discuter de la pertinence de l'introduction de mécanismes de marché au sein du système éducatif. En particulier, elle s'interroge sur la capacité de ces mécanismes à améliorer la réussite des élèves. Elle montre dans une première partie que des mécanismes de marché n’ont que peu de chance de permettre un meilleur appariement des élèves aux écoles, des mécanismes centralisés étant préférables. Elle mesure ensuite l’ampleur des effets de pair dans le système scolaire français, et montre qu’ils sont non négligeables. Elle montre ensuite que le système éducatif public français est peu capable de rémunérer ses enseignants au mérite. Enfin, elle analyse l’impact d’une ouverture à la compétition du marché scolaire sur le niveau d’effort des écoles et montre qu’une telle ouverture est susceptible de réduire le niveau d’effort des écoles en augmentant la différentiation vertical entre école, et donc leur pouvoir de marché. En conclusion, les mécanismes de marché semblent peu capables d’améliorer la réussite scolaire.

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  • Alexis Le Chapelain, 2014. "Market for Education and Student Achievement," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/1jgbspo1909, Sciences Po.
  • Handle: RePEc:spo:wpmain:info:hdl:2441/1jgbspo1909q48svne93o55rca
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