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The Economics of Oil, Biofuel and Food Commodities

  • BAHEL, Eric A.
  • MARROUCH, Walid
  • GAUDET, Gérard

We study the effects on the food market of the introduction of biofuels as a substitute for fossil fuel in the energy market. We consider a world economy with an oil cartel and a competitive fringe of farmers producing energy in the form of biofuels. Farmers also produce food and sell it on the world food market. We determine the resulting relationship between prices in the energy and food markets and characterize the cartel's extraction path and the price path of energy. We show that the price of food will be growing as long the oil stock is being depleted, whether population is growing or not, and that it will keep growing after the oil stock is exhausted if population is growing. An analysis of the effects of the productivity of land use in either the food or the biofuel sectors is carried out.

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File URL: https://papyrus.bib.umontreal.ca/xmlui/handle/1866/4826
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Paper provided by Universite de Montreal, Departement de sciences economiques in its series Cahiers de recherche with number 2011-02.

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Length: 26 pages
Date of creation: 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:mtl:montde:2011-02
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  1. Pavel Ciaian & d'Artis Kancs, 2009. "Interdependencies in the Energy-Bioenergy-Food Price Systems: A Cointegration Analysis," EERI Research Paper Series EERI_RP_2009_06, Economics and Econometrics Research Institute (EERI), Brussels.
  2. John Hassler & Hans-Werner Sinn, 2012. "The Fossil Episode," CESifo Working Paper Series 4016, CESifo Group Munich.
  3. Gaudet, Gerard & Moreaux, Michel & Withagen, Cees, 2006. "The Alberta dilemma: Optimal sharing of a water resource by an agricultural and an oil sector," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 52(2), pages 548-566, September.
  4. Saraly Andrade de Sá & Charles Palmer & Stefanie Engel, 2012. "Ethanol Production, Food and Forests," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 51(1), pages 1-21, January.
  5. Smulders, Sjak & Tsur, Yacov & Zemel, Amos, 2012. "Announcing climate policy: Can a green paradox arise without scarcity?," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 64(3), pages 364-376.
  6. van der Ploeg, Frederick & Withagen, Cees, 2012. "Is there really a green paradox?," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 64(3), pages 342-363.
  7. Chakravorty, Ujjayant & Hubert, Marie-Helene & Nostbakken, Linda, 2009. "Fuel versus Food," Working Papers 2009-20, University of Alberta, Department of Economics.
  8. Ujjayant Chakravorty & Bertrand Magne & Michel Moreaux, 2008. "A dynamic model of food and clean energy," Working Papers 26086, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, France.
  9. Hubert, Marie-Helene & Chakravorty, Ujjayant & van Kooten, G. Cornelis, 2008. "Biofuels, Agriculture And Climate Change," 2008 International Congress, August 26-29, 2008, Ghent, Belgium 44259, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
  10. Hochman Gal & Sexton Steven E & Zilberman David D, 2008. "The Economics of Biofuel Policy and Biotechnology," Journal of Agricultural & Food Industrial Organization, De Gruyter, vol. 6(2), pages 1-24, December.
  11. GRAFTON, R. Quentin & KOMPAS, Tom & LONG, Ngo Van, 2011. "Substitution between Biofuels and Fossil Fuels: Is There a Green Paradox?," Cahiers de recherche 10-2011, Centre interuniversitaire de recherche en économie quantitative, CIREQ.
  12. repec:dgr:uvatin:2010020 is not listed on IDEAS
  13. Rajagopal, Deepak & Zilberman, David, 2007. "Review of environmental, economic and policy aspects of biofuels," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4341, The World Bank.
  14. Ujjayant Chakravorty & Marie-Helene Hubert & Michel Moreaux & Linda Nostbakken, . "The Long Run Impact of Biofuels on Food Prices," Discussion Papers Series, Department of Economics, Tufts University 0805, Department of Economics, Tufts University.
  15. Salant, Stephen W, 1976. "Exhaustible Resources and Industrial Structure: A Nash-Cournot Approach to the World Oil Market," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 84(5), pages 1079-93, October.
  16. Hongli Feng & Bruce A. Babcock, 2008. "Impacts of Ethanol on Planted Acreage in Market Equilibrium," Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) Publications 08-wp472, Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) at Iowa State University.
  17. Hans-Werner Sinn, 2008. "Public policies against global warming: a supply side approach," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer, vol. 15(4), pages 360-394, August.
  18. Nazlioglu, Saban, 2011. "World oil and agricultural commodity prices: Evidence from nonlinear causality," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(5), pages 2935-2943, May.
  19. Sinn, Hans-Werner, 2012. "The Green Paradox: A Supply-Side Approach to Global Warming," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262016680, June.
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