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Do (all) sectoral shocks lead to aggregate volatility? Empirics from a production network perspective

Author

Listed:
  • O. Joya
  • Eric Rougier

    (GREThA - Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée - UB - Université de Bordeaux - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

Abstract

Productive diversification has long been acknowledged as a volatility-reducing strategy. Yet, recent theoretical contributions have shown that, in strongly diversified economies, idiosyncratic shocks could translate into aggregate volatility via the network of inter-industry linkages. By exploiting exogenous cross-country-sector variations in demand shocks during the 2008 Great Recession, we provide empirical evidence that the network properties of a sector affected by an individual shock determine its propensity to transmit volatility to the rest of the economy. More precisely, shocks to sectors that are located in denser parts of a production network fade out over a large number of alternative paths of propagation due to substitution effects, whereas shocks to sectors that are more influential within the network generate aggregate fluctuations through contagion effects. We also find that the impact of sectoral shocks on aggregate volatility (1) is not conditional on sector-level differences in trade intensity, and (2) is larger for developing countries because they tend to have more isolated influential sectors and larger structural holes in their production network. Our results thus help consolidate the two opposite views in the literature on the impact of productive diversification on aggregate volatility.

Suggested Citation

  • O. Joya & Eric Rougier, 2019. "Do (all) sectoral shocks lead to aggregate volatility? Empirics from a production network perspective," Post-Print hal-02486376, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-02486376
    DOI: 10.1016/j.euroecorev.2019.01.004
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02486376
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    2008 Global Crisis; Diversification; Economic Diversification; Empirical Analysis; Financial Crisis; Input-Output Analysis; Input–Output Structure; Network Analysis; Production Network Production System; Sectoral Shock; Volatility;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C67 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Input-Output Models
    • D85 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Network Formation
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • L16 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Industrial Organization and Macroeconomics; Macroeconomic Industrial Structure

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