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Key sectors in Input-Output Production Networks: an application to Brexit

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  • Gallegati, Mauro
  • Giammetti, Raffaele
  • Russo, Alberto

Abstract

This paper presents the first detailed and holistic description of the European production network (EPN) and provides different rankings of the most 'systemically important' industries involved in Brexit. Employing techniques of complex networks analysis and Input-Output traditional tools, the study identifies those industries that are key in the complex structure of the UK-EU trade relationships. The method developed would help policy-makers to better understand which tariff would have a more distortive impact, which export sector should be pushed, which imports should be safeguarded. Such information may have foremost importance in the negotiations between the UK and EU. Our findings suggest that Brexit would be not just a problem for the UK, as it is often portrayed, but any form of Brexit could propagate affecting the global production system. Further, by inspecting industries centrality within the EPN, we find that the UK could be less exposed to trade barriers than EU countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Gallegati, Mauro & Giammetti, Raffaele & Russo, Alberto, 2019. "Key sectors in Input-Output Production Networks: an application to Brexit," MPRA Paper 92559, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:92559
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Brexit; trade barriers; tariffs; key sector; centrality measures; input-output analysis; production networks; value chains.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C67 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Input-Output Models
    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes

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