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From Micro to Macro via Production Networks

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  • Vasco M. Carvalho

Abstract

A modern economy is an intricately linked web of specialized production units, each relying on the flow of inputs from their suppliers to produce their own output which, in turn, is routed towards other downstream units. In this essay, I argue that this network perpective on production linkages can offer novel insights on the sources of aggregate fluctuations. To do this, I show (i) how production networks can be mapped to a standard general equilibrium setup; (ii) how to approach input-output from this networked perspective and (iii) how theory and data on production networks can be usefully combined to shed light on comovement and aggregate fluctuations.

Suggested Citation

  • Vasco M. Carvalho, 2014. "From Micro to Macro via Production Networks," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 1467, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
  • Handle: RePEc:cam:camdae:1467
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Production Networks; Comovement; Business Cycles; Input-Output Linkages.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D57 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Input-Output Tables and Analysis
    • D85 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Network Formation
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • L14 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Transactional Relationships; Contracts and Reputation

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