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Democracy and economic growth in Sub-Saharan Africa: a panel data approach

  • Vishal Jaunky

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    This paper studies the link between democracy and economic development for 28 countries of Sub-Saharan Africa for the period 1980–2005 in a panel data framework. A democracy index constructed from the Freedom House indices. A variety of panel data unit root and cointegration tests are applied. The variables are found to be integrated of order one and cointegrated. The Blundell–Bond system generalized methods-of-moments is employed to conduct a panel error-correction mechanism based causality test within a vector autoregressive structure. Economic growth is found to cause democracy in the short-run, while bidirectionality is uncovered in the long-run. In addition, the long-run coefficients are estimated through the panel fully modified ordinary least squares and dynamic ordinary least squares methods. Democracy has a positive impact on GDP and vice versa. These results lend support to the virtuous cycle hypothesis. Copyright Springer-Verlag 2013

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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s00181-012-0633-x
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    Article provided by Springer in its journal Empirical Economics.

    Volume (Year): 45 (2013)
    Issue (Month): 2 (October)
    Pages: 987-1008

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    Handle: RePEc:spr:empeco:v:45:y:2013:i:2:p:987-1008
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