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Benefit Generosity and the Income Effect on Labor Supply: Quasi-Experimental Evidence

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  • Danzer, Alexander M.

Abstract

This paper uses an unanticipated, exogenous doubling of the legal minimum pension in Ukraine as a unique quasi-experiment to evaluate the income effect on various aspects of labor supply among the elderly. In contrast to previous studies, the unusually simple pension eligibility rule allows estimating a pure causal income effect. Applying difference-indifferences and regression discontinuity methods on two nationally representative data sets yields a retirement elasticity of 0.3. Men and women respond at different margins of labor supply but with similar overall effect. Despite retirement incentives being disproportionally large for low income earners old-age poverty declined significantly.

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  • Danzer, Alexander M., 2011. "Benefit Generosity and the Income Effect on Labor Supply: Quasi-Experimental Evidence," Proceedings of the German Development Economics Conference, Berlin 2011 23, Verein für Socialpolitik, Research Committee Development Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:gdec11:23
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    Cited by:

    1. Hartmut Lehmann & Alexander Muravyev & Klaus Zimmermann, 2012. "The Ukrainian longitudinal monitoring survey: towards a better understanding of labor markets in transition," IZA Journal of Labor & Development, Springer;Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH (IZA), vol. 1(1), pages 1-15, December.
    2. Puhani, Patrick A. & Tabbert, Falko, 2015. "Effects of Changes in Pensions on the Age of First Benefit Receipt: Regression Discontinuity Evidence from Repatriated Ethnic Germans," IZA Discussion Papers 8787, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    3. Louise Grogan & Fraser Summerfield, 2019. "Government Transfers, Work, and Wellbeing: Evidence from the Russian Old-Age Pension," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 32(4), pages 1247-1292, October.
    4. Oliwia Komada & Pawel Strzelecki & Joanna Tyrowicz, 2019. "A regression discontinuity evaluation of reducing early retirement eligibility in Poland," International Journal of Manpower, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 40(2), pages 286-303, May.
    5. Atalay, Kadir & Barrett, Garry F., 2016. "Pension Incentives and the Retirement Decisions of Couples," IZA Discussion Papers 10013, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    6. Yanying Chen & Yi Jin Tan, 2018. "The effect of non-contributory pensions on labour supply and private income transfers: evidence from Singapore," IZA Journal of Labor Policy, Springer;Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH (IZA), vol. 7(1), pages 1-54, December.
    7. Malkova, Olga, 2020. "Did Soviet elderly employment respond to financial incentives? Evidence from pension reforms," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 182(C).
    8. Giesecke, Matthias & Jäger, Philipp, 2020. "Pension incentives and labor supply: Evidence from the introduction of universal old-age assistance in the UK," Ruhr Economic Papers 844, RWI - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-University Bochum, TU Dortmund University, University of Duisburg-Essen.
    9. Kadir Atalay & Garry F. Barrett & Peter Siminski, 2019. "Pension incentives and the joint retirement of couples: evidence from two natural experiments," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 32(3), pages 735-767, July.
    10. Paweł Strzelecki & Joanna Tyrowicz, 2015. "Crowding (out) the retirees? RDD application to raising effective retirement age in Poland," Working Papers 2015-10, Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw.
    11. Alexander M. Danzer & Lennard Zyska, 2020. "Pensions and Fertility: Micro-Economic Evidence," Working Papers 192, Bavarian Graduate Program in Economics (BGPE).
    12. Danzer, Alexander, 2015. "Skill biased labour demand and the wage growth of younger workers: Evidence from an unexpected pension reform," VfS Annual Conference 2015 (Muenster): Economic Development - Theory and Policy 113051, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    13. Inés Berniell & Dolores de la Mata & Matilde Pinto Machado, 2020. "The Impact of a Permanent Income Shock on the Situation of Women in the Household: The Case of a Pension Reform in Argentina," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 68(4), pages 1295-1343.
    14. Kupets, Olga, 2016. "Education-job mismatch in Ukraine: Too many people with tertiary education or too many jobs for low-skilled?," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 44(1), pages 125-147.
    15. Malkova, Olga, 2019. "Did Soviet Elderly Employment Respond to Financial Incentives? Evidence from Pension Reforms," IZA Discussion Papers 12790, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    16. Danzer, Alexander M. & Danzer, Natalia, 2016. "Pension generosity and mental wellbeing: The effect of eradicating poverty at old-age," VfS Annual Conference 2016 (Augsburg): Demographic Change 145910, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    17. Sebastian Becker & Hermann Buslei & Johannes Geyer & Peter Haan, 2021. "Employment Responses to Income Effect: Evidence from Pension Reform," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1941, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    18. Danzer, Alexander M. & Danzer, Natalia, 2016. "The long-run consequences of Chernobyl: Evidence on subjective well-being, mental health and welfare," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 135(C), pages 47-60.
    19. Victor Lyashok, 2019. "The Effect Of Pension Growth On The Labor Force Participation Of Pensioners In Russia," HSE Working papers WP BRP 22/PSP/2019, National Research University Higher School of Economics.
    20. Puhani, Patrick A. & Tabbert, Falko, 2016. "The effects of pension changes on age of first benefit receipt: Regression discontinuity evidence from repatriated ethnic Germans," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 12-23.
    21. Danzer, Alexander, 2015. "Skill biased labour demand and the wage growth of younger workers: Evidence from an unexpected pension reform," VfS Annual Conference 2015 (Muenster): Economic Development - Theory and Policy 113051, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.

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    Keywords

    pure income effect; benefit generosity; labor supply; retirement; poverty; wage effect;
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