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Frühverrentung in Deutschland: Ökonomische Anreize und institutionelle Strukturen

  • Arnds, Pascal

    ()

    (IZA)

  • Bonin, Holger

    ()

    (ZEW Mannheim)

Das durchschnittliche Rentenzugangsalter in Deutschland liegt erheblich unter der gesetzlichen Regelaltersgrenze. Dieser Beitrag analysiert die arbeitsmarkt- und rentenpolitischen Ursachen der massiven Frühverrentung. Aufbauend auf einem Überblick über ökonomische Konzepte der Ruhestandsentscheidung wird ein Überblick über die Rentenzugangspfade gegeben. Die bestehenden institutionellen Strukturen werden auf Anreize zur Frühverrentung hin untersucht und die empirische Relevanz dieser Anreize illustriert. Für die Zukunft ist ein Anstieg des Rentenzugangsalters zu erwarten, weil bereits beschlossene institutionelle Korrekturen Frühverrentung erschweren. Die bisher getroffenen Maßnahmen reichen jedoch nicht aus, um den Übergang in den Ruhestand anreizneutral zu gestalten. Early Retirement in Germany: Institutions and Incentives A substantial fraction of German workers effectively retires before reaching mandatory retirement age. Starting from a review of the basic economic concepts to explain retirement, this paper surveys the incentives for early exit that are set by labor market policies and Social Security institutions. We explain the various pathways to retirement existing in Germany, and assess the associated economic incentives to retire early. Some evidence is gathered that these incentives are indeed relevant. For the future, we predict that the average retirement age is likely to increase, as a result of institutional changes already enacted. However, these measures are not sufficient to eliminate incentives for early retirement completely.

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Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 666.

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Length: 39 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2002
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: M. Herfurth, M. Kohli and K. F. Zimmermann (eds.), Arbeit in einer alternden Gesellschaft (Labor in an Aging Society), Leverkusen: Leske+Budrich, 2003, 65-91
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp666
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  1. Burtless, Gary, 1986. "Social Security, Unanticipated Benefit Increases, and the Timing of Retirement," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 53(5), pages 781-805, October.
  2. Blau, David & Riphahn, Regina, 1998. "Labour Force transitions of Older Married Couples in Germany," CEPR Discussion Papers 1911, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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  9. Friedrich Breyer & Mathias Kifmann, 2001. "Incentives to Retire Later: A Solution to the Social Security Crisis?," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 266, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  10. Luca Spataro, 2002. "New Tools in Micromodeling Retirement Decisions: Overview and Applications to the Italian Case," Computing in Economics and Finance 2002 109, Society for Computational Economics.
  11. Homburg, Stefan, 1988. "Theorie der Alterssicherung," EconStor Books, ZBW - German National Library of Economics, number 92902.
  12. Sikandar Siddiqui, 1997. "The pension incentive to retire: Empirical evidence for West Germany," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 10(4), pages 463-486.
  13. Alan L. Gustman & Thomas L. Steinmeier, 1983. "A Structural Retirement Model," NBER Working Papers 1237, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  14. John B. Burbidge & A. Leslie Robb, 1980. "Pensions and Retirement Behaviour," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 13(3), pages 421-37, August.
  15. Courtney Coile & Jonathan Gruber, 2000. "Social Security and Retirement," NBER Working Papers 7830, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  16. Axel Borsch-Supan, 1998. "Incentive Effects of Social Security on Labor Force Participation: Evidence in Germany and Across Europe," NBER Working Papers 6780, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  17. Diamond, P. A. & Hausman, J. A., 1984. "Individual retirement and savings behavior," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 23(1-2), pages 81-114.
  18. Winter, Joachim, 1999. "Strukturelle ökonometrische Verfahren zur Analyse von Renteneintrittsentscheidungen," Sonderforschungsbereich 504 Publications 99-03, Sonderforschungsbereich 504, Universität Mannheim;Sonderforschungsbereich 504, University of Mannheim.
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