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How Does Pension Eligibility Affect Labor Supply in Couples?

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  • Rafael Lalive
  • Pierpaolo Parrotta

    (ICN Business School)

Abstract

Many OECD countries are reforming their pension systems. We investigate how pension eligibility affects labor supply in couples. Inspired by a theoretical framework, we measure how the sharp change in the pension eligibility of both partners affects labor force participation. We find that both partners leave the labor force as they become eligible for a pension. The effect of their own pension eligibility is 12 percentage points for women and 28 percentage points for men. Women also reduce their labor force participation by 2 to 3 percentage points as their partner reaches pension eligibility. For men, the effect of their partner's eligibility is smaller and not significantly different from zero. For women and men with low education, the effect of their own eligibility is strong. Regardless of education level, the partner eligibility effect is strong in homogamous couples. Studying joint labor supply, we find that pension eligibility reduces labor supply in couples by 44 percentage points, approximately 4 percentage points more than in a model that ignores partner eligibility effects.

Suggested Citation

  • Rafael Lalive & Pierpaolo Parrotta, 2016. "How Does Pension Eligibility Affect Labor Supply in Couples?," Post-Print hal-01512765, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-01512765
    DOI: 10.1016/j.labeco.2016.10.002
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01512765
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    Cited by:

    1. Kyyrä, Tomi & Pesola, Hanna, 2020. "Long-term effects of extended unemployment benefits for older workers," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 62(C).
    2. Mathias Dolls & Carla Krolage & Carla Krolage, 2019. "The Effects of Early Retirement Incentives on Retirement Decisions," ifo Working Paper Series 291, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich.
    3. Esteban García-Miralles & Jonathan M. Leganza, 2021. "Joint Retirement of Couples: Evidence from Discontinuities in Denmark," CESifo Working Paper Series 9191, CESifo.
    4. Geyer, Johannes & Haan, Peter & Hammerschmid, Anna & Peters, Michael, 2020. "Labor Market and Distributional Effects of an Increase in the Retirement Age," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 65(C).
    5. Johnsen, Julian Vedeler & Willén, Alexander & Vaage, Kjell, 2020. "Interactions in Public Policies: Spousal Responses and Program Spillovers of Welfare Reforms," Discussion Paper Series in Economics 20/2020, Norwegian School of Economics, Department of Economics.
    6. Cottier, Lionel, 2018. "Culture, financial constraints, and retirement decision," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 53(C), pages 128-145.
    7. Baruffaldi, Stefano H. & Marino, Marianna & Visentin, Fabiana, 2020. "Money to move: The effect on researchers of an international mobility grant," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 49(8).
    8. Herault, Nicolas & Vu, Ha & Wilkins, Roger, 2020. "The Effect of Job Search Requirements on Welfare Receipt," IZA Discussion Papers 13684, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    9. de Grip, Andries & Fouarge, Didier & Montizaan, Raymond, 2020. "Redistribution of individual pension wealth to survivor pensions: Evidence from a stated preferences analysis," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 173(C), pages 402-421.
    10. Francesca Carta & Marta De Philippis, 2021. "Working horizon and labour supply: the effect of raising the full retirement age on middle-aged individuals," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 1314, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    household decisions.; Couple labor supply; pension eligibility; full retirement age;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J26 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Retirement; Retirement Policies
    • J14 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of the Elderly; Economics of the Handicapped; Non-Labor Market Discrimination
    • C40 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics - - - General
    • D10 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - General

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