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How Does Pension Eligibility Affect Labor Supply in Couples?

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  • Lalive, Rafael

    (University of Lausanne)

  • Parrotta, Pierpaolo

    (IÉSEG School of Management)

Abstract

Many OECD countries are reforming their pension systems. We investigate how pension eligibility affects labor supply in couples. Inspired by a theoretical framework, we measure how the sharp change in the pension eligibility of both partners affects labor force participation. We find that both partners leave the labor force as they become eligible for a pension. The effect of their own pension eligibility is 12 percentage points for women and 28 percentage points for men. Women also reduce their labor force participation by 2 to 3 percentage points as their partner reaches pension eligibility. For men, the effect of their partner's eligibility is smaller and not significantly different from zero. For women and men with low education, the effect of their own eligibility is strong. Regardless of education level, the partner eligibility effect is strong in homogamous couples. Studying joint labor supply, we find that pension eligibility reduces labor supply in couples by 44 percentage points, approximately 4 percentage points more than in a model that ignores partner eligibility effects.

Suggested Citation

  • Lalive, Rafael & Parrotta, Pierpaolo, 2016. "How Does Pension Eligibility Affect Labor Supply in Couples?," IZA Discussion Papers 10361, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp10361
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    11. Johnsen, Julian Vedeler & Willén, Alexander & Vaage, Kjell, 2020. "Interactions in Public Policies: Spousal Responses and Program Spillovers of Welfare Reforms," Discussion Paper Series in Economics 20/2020, Norwegian School of Economics, Department of Economics.
    12. Esteban García-Miralles & Jonathan M. Leganza, 2021. "Joint Retirement of Couples: Evidence from Discontinuities in Denmark," CEBI working paper series 21-01, University of Copenhagen. Department of Economics. The Center for Economic Behavior and Inequality (CEBI).
    13. Baruffaldi, Stefano H. & Marino, Marianna & Visentin, Fabiana, 2020. "Money to move: The effect on researchers of an international mobility grant," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 49(8).
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    household decisions; full retirement age; pension eligibility; couple labor supply;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J26 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Retirement; Retirement Policies
    • J14 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of the Elderly; Economics of the Handicapped; Non-Labor Market Discrimination
    • C40 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics - - - General
    • D10 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - General

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