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How Does Pension Eligibility Affect Labor Supply in Couples?

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  • Pierpaolo Parrotta

    (ICN Business School, BETA - Bureau d'Économie Théorique et Appliquée - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - UNISTRA - Université de Strasbourg - UL - Université de Lorraine - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Rafael Lalive

Abstract

Many OECD countries are reforming their pension systems. We investigate how pension eligibility affects labor supply in couples. Inspired by a theoretical framework, we measure how the sharp change in the pension eligibility of both partners affects labor force participation. We find that both partners leave the labor force as they become eligible for a pension. The effect of their own pension eligibility is 12 percentage points for women and 28 percentage points for men. Women also reduce their labor force participation by 2 to 3 percentage points as their partner reaches pension eligibility. For men, the effect of their partner’s eligibility is smaller and not significantly different from zero. For women and men with low education, the effect of their own eligibility is strong. Regardless of education level, the partner eligibility effect is strong in homogamous couples. Studying joint labor supply, we find that pension eligibility reduces labor supply in couples by 44 percentage points, approximately 4 percentage points more than in a model that ignores partner eligibility effects.

Suggested Citation

  • Pierpaolo Parrotta & Rafael Lalive, 2016. "How Does Pension Eligibility Affect Labor Supply in Couples?," Post-Print hal-01515231, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-01515231
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01515231
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. repec:eee:labeco:v:53:y:2018:i:c:p:128-145 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Geyer, Johannes & Haan, Peter & Hammerschmid, Anna & Peters, Michael, 2018. "Labor Market and Distributional Effects of an Increase in the Retirement Age," IZA Discussion Papers 11618, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    3. de Grip, Andries & Fouarge, Didier & Montizaan, Raymond, 2019. "Redistribution of Individual Pension Wealth to Survivor Pensions: Evidence from a Stated Preferences Analysis," IZA Discussion Papers 12625, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    4. Dolls, Mathias & Krolage, Carla, 2019. "The Effects of Early Retirement Incentives on Retirement Decisions," Annual Conference 2019 (Leipzig): 30 Years after the Fall of the Berlin Wall - Democracy and Market Economy 203486, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Couple labor supply; pension eligibility; full retirement age; household decisions;

    JEL classification:

    • J26 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Retirement; Retirement Policies
    • J14 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of the Elderly; Economics of the Handicapped; Non-Labor Market Discrimination
    • C40 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics - - - General
    • D10 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - General

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