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Does the Formulation of the Decision Problem Affect Retirement?—Framing Effect and Planned Retirement Age

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  • Tomasz Jedynak

    (Department of Risk Management and Insurance, Cracow University of Economics, 31-510 Kraków, Poland)

Abstract

The aim of the study is to fill the research gap in relation to one of the behavioral factors that have a potential impact on retirement decisions—the framing effect. A research question addressed in the study is whether the way in which the decision-making problem is formulated (the framing effect) influences decisions on the planned retirement age. To answer this question, an original research questionnaire was developed. It included a description of a hypothetical pension system and experimental vignette questions. The research was conducted on the basis of answers given by 1079 randomly selected respondents who were participants of the pension system in Poland before retirement. In the analysis of the results, non-parametric tests and multiple logistic regression were used to compare response distributions. As a result of the conducted research, it was proven that the framing effect significantly affects the extension of the planned retirement age. At the same time, it was found that loss framing affects pension decisions to a greater extent than gain framing. It has also been noted that women are more susceptible than men to the framing of pension decisions. An application conclusion resulting from the conducted research is indicated as the possibility of the intentional use of the framing effect by decision-makers in order to increase the effective retirement age.

Suggested Citation

  • Tomasz Jedynak, 2022. "Does the Formulation of the Decision Problem Affect Retirement?—Framing Effect and Planned Retirement Age," IJERPH, MDPI, vol. 19(4), pages 1-30, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jijerp:v:19:y:2022:i:4:p:1977-:d:746133
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