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What Accounts for the Variation in Retirement Wealth Among U.S. Households?

  • B. Douglas Bernheim
  • Jonathan Skinner
  • Steven Weinberg

Household survey data consistently depict large variations in saving and wealth among households with similar socio-economic characteristics. Within the context of the life" cycle hypothesis, families with identical lifetime resources might choose to accumulate" different levels of wealth for a variety of reasons, including variation in time preference rates risk tolerance, exposure to uncertainty, relative tastes for work and leisure at advanced ages income replacement rates, and so forth. These factors can be divided into a small number of" classes, each with a distinctive implication concerning the relation between accumulated wealth" and the shape of the consumption profile. By examining this relation empirically for the presence or absence of these particular explanations for differences in wealth. Using" the Panel Study of Income Dynamics and the Consumer Expenditure Survey little support for life cycle models that rely on the above factors to explain wealth variation. " The data are, however, consistent with rule of thumb' or mental accounting' theories of" wealth accumulation.

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Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 6227.

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Date of creation: Oct 1997
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Publication status: published as Bernheim, B. Douglas, Jonathan Skinner and Steven Weinberg. "What Accounts For The Variation In Retirement Wealth Among U.S. Households?," American Economic Review, 2001, v91(4,Sep), 832-857.
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:6227
Note: AG PE
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  2. Christopher D Carroll, 1990. "Buffer-Stock Saving and the Life Cycle/Permanent Income Hypothesis," Economics Working Paper Archive 371, The Johns Hopkins University,Department of Economics, revised Aug 1996.
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  4. B. Douglas Bernheim & Jonathan Skinner & Steven Weinberg, 1997. "What Accounts for the Variation in Retirement Wealth Among U.S. Households?," NBER Working Papers 6227, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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