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Demographic Transition and Economic Welfare: The Role of In-Cash and In-Kind Transfers

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  • Stephen M. Miller

    (University of Nevada, Las Vegas and University of Connecticut)

  • Kyriakos Neanidis

    (University of Manchester)

Abstract

Do in-cash and in-kind transfers to families affect parental fertility choices and economic welfare differently? We examine this question via a demographic transition channel in the context of a two-period overlapping generations model. In childhood, reproductive agents face a non-zero probability of death, while as adults, they allocate their time to work, leisure, and child rearing activities. Health status in adulthood exhibits "state dependence," as it depends on health in childhood. We find that cash transfers lead to both higher fertility and welfare if parents strongly value the quantity of their children. This positive welfare effect dominates an indirect negative welfare effect due to a lower growth rate. But, if parents value the quality of their children, in-kind transfers yield greater welfare, along with lower fertility and higher economic growth.

Suggested Citation

  • Stephen M. Miller & Kyriakos Neanidis, 2014. "Demographic Transition and Economic Welfare: The Role of In-Cash and In-Kind Transfers," Working papers 2014-24, University of Connecticut, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:uct:uconnp:2014-24
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    fertility; health; growth; transfers; welfare;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F35 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Aid
    • F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies
    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior
    • O41 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - One, Two, and Multisector Growth Models

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