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Does aid for trade enhance export performance? Investigating on the infrastructure channel

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  • Mariana Vijil
  • Laurent Wagner

Abstract

Today, there are few empirical studies assessing the effectiveness of aid for trade on trade pe rformance. Furthermore, existing works do not test channels by which this impact is transiting. We address this question using an empirical analysis constructed in two steps. Following a model of export performance, we first test if institutions and infrastructure, our two potential channels of transmission, are indeed determinants of export performance. Secondly, we test the impact of aid for trade sectoral flows on the determinants that were highlighted in the first part. We show that the infrastructure channel appears to be highly significant in the first step whereas the institutional one turns out to have limited impact on developing countries’ exports. Furthermore, in our second step, aid for infrastructure seems, once instrumented, to have a strong and positive impact on the infrastructure level. Our results indicate that a 10% increase in aid to infrastructure commitments per capita leads to an average increase of the exports over GDP ratio for a developing country of 2.34%. It is also equivalent to a 2.71% reduction of the tariff and non-tariff barriers. This highlights the very high economic impact of aid for trade throughout the channel of infrastructures.

Suggested Citation

  • Mariana Vijil & Laurent Wagner, 2010. "Does aid for trade enhance export performance? Investigating on the infrastructure channel," Working Papers SMART - LERECO 10-07, INRA UMR SMART-LERECO.
  • Handle: RePEc:rae:wpaper:rae:wpaper:201007
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. L. ALAN WINTERS & NEIL McCULLOCH & ANDREW McKAY, 2015. "Trade Liberalization and Poverty: The Evidence So Far," World Scientific Book Chapters,in: Non-Tariff Barriers, Regionalism and Poverty Essays in Applied International Trade Analysis, chapter 14, pages 271-314 World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
    2. Marilyne Huchet-Bourdon & Anna Lipchitz & Audrey Rousson, 2009. "Aid for Trade in Developing Countries: Complex Linkages for Real Effectiveness," African Development Review, African Development Bank, vol. 21(2), pages 243-290.
    3. Hummels, David & Lugovskyy, Volodymyr & Skiba, Alexandre, 2009. "The trade reducing effects of market power in international shipping," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 89(1), pages 84-97, May.
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    Cited by:

    1. d’Aiglepierre, Rohen & Wagner, Laurent, 2013. "Aid and Universal Primary Education," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 95-112.
    2. Martinez-Zarzoso, Inmaculada & Nowak-Lehmann D., Felicitas & Rehwald, Kai, 2014. "Is aid for trade effective? A quantile regression approach," Center for European, Governance and Economic Development Research Discussion Papers 210, University of Goettingen, Department of Economics.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Export performance; trade facilitation; aid for trade; infrastructure; institution;

    JEL classification:

    • O19 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - International Linkages to Development; Role of International Organizations
    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
    • F17 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Forecasting and Simulation
    • O10 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - General

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