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Declining Nutrient Intake in a Growing China: Does Household Heterogeneity Matter?

Listed author(s):
  • Noriaki Matsushima

    (Institute of Social and Economic Research, Osaka University)

  • Laixun Zhao

    (Research Institute for Economics & Business Administration (RIEB), Kobe University, Japan)

This paper uses Chinese household data for 1989-2009 to explain why mean nutrient intake has declined despite economic growth. We focus on household heterogeneity in nutrient intake response to increases in household income allowing for its endogeneity. A quantile instrumental-variable fixed-effects panel estimation shows that rising income tends to reduce inequality in macronutrient intake in both urban and rural areas in 2004-2009. This is driven by increases in nutrient intake for the urban nutrient poor and falls in nutrient intake for the rural nutrient non-poor. On the other hand, fluctuations in prices of meat, eggs and oil increase nutrition poverty.

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File URL: http://www.rieb.kobe-u.ac.jp/academic/ra/dp/English/DP2015-18.pdf
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Paper provided by Research Institute for Economics & Business Administration, Kobe University in its series Discussion Paper Series with number DP2015-18.

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Length: 33 pages
Date of creation: Apr 2015
Handle: RePEc:kob:dpaper:dp2015-18
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