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Job quality and workplace gender diversity in Europe

Author

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  • Andrew E. Clark

    (PSE - Paris School of Economics - UP1 - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne - ENS-PSL - École normale supérieure - Paris - PSL - Université Paris Sciences et Lettres - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - INRAE - Institut National de Recherche pour l’Agriculture, l’Alimentation et l’Environnement, PJSE - Paris Jourdan Sciences Economiques - UP1 - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne - ENS-PSL - École normale supérieure - Paris - PSL - Université Paris Sciences et Lettres - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - INRAE - Institut National de Recherche pour l’Agriculture, l’Alimentation et l’Environnement)

  • Conchita D’ambrosio

    (Uni.lu - Université du Luxembourg)

  • Rong Zhu

    (Flinders University [Adelaide, Australia])

Abstract

We here consider the relationship between workplace gender measures and employees' perceived job quality, where the former cover both the gender mix of workers with the same job title and the gender of the immediate boss. Data from the 2015 European Working Conditions Survey show that men's job evaluation is higher in gender-balanced job positions at the workplace, while that of women is higher in either gender-balanced or male-dominated positions. The gender of the immediate boss plays no significant role in employee job evaluation. There is some evidence that these correlations differ by job-quality domains. We introduce co-worker support and help, gender discrimination, and unwanted sexual attention as possible mediators of the gender-mix correlations: these change the estimated coefficients only little. Our estimated correlations could therefore reflect a pure preference for job-position gender composition. Last, we use a bounding approach to show that our main results are robust to the potential influence of unobservables. Overall, job-position gender diversity is associated with higher worker well-being.

Suggested Citation

  • Andrew E. Clark & Conchita D’ambrosio & Rong Zhu, 2021. "Job quality and workplace gender diversity in Europe," PSE-Ecole d'économie de Paris (Postprint) halshs-03467113, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:pseptp:halshs-03467113
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jebo.2021.01.012
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://shs.hal.science/halshs-03467113
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    10. Dagmara Nikulin & Joanna Wolszczak-Derlacz, 2023. "Working Conditions in the Context of Global Value Chains and Routinisation: An Example of Polish Workers," Gospodarka Narodowa. The Polish Journal of Economics, Warsaw School of Economics, issue 3, pages 1-12.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Perceived job quality; Job-position gender diversity; Gender of immediate boss;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J28 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Safety; Job Satisfaction; Related Public Policy

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