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The Role of Factors Affecting the Adoption of Environmentally Friendly Farming Practices: Can Geographical Context and Time Explain the Differences Emerging from Literature?

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  • Daniele Mozzato

    () (Land Environment Resources and Health (LERH) PhD Program—Land Environment Agriculture and Forestry (LEAF) Department, University of Padova, Via dell’Università, 16, 35020 Legnaro (PD), Italy)

  • Paola Gatto

    () (Land Environment Agriculture and Forestry (LEAF) Department, University of Padova, Via dell’Università, 16, 35020 Legnaro (PD), Italy)

  • Edi Defrancesco

    () (Land Environment Agriculture and Forestry (LEAF) Department, University of Padova, Via dell’Università, 16, 35020 Legnaro (PD), Italy)

  • Lucia Bortolini

    () (Land Environment Agriculture and Forestry (LEAF) Department, University of Padova, Via dell’Università, 16, 35020 Legnaro (PD), Italy)

  • Francesco Pirotti

    () (Land Environment Agriculture and Forestry (LEAF) Department, University of Padova, Via dell’Università, 16, 35020 Legnaro (PD), Italy)

  • Elena Pisani

    () (Land Environment Agriculture and Forestry (LEAF) Department, University of Padova, Via dell’Università, 16, 35020 Legnaro (PD), Italy)

  • Luigi Sartori

    () (Land Environment Agriculture and Forestry (LEAF) Department, University of Padova, Via dell’Università, 16, 35020 Legnaro (PD), Italy)

Abstract

Environmentally Friendly Farming Practices (EFFPs) are tools aimed at providing ecosystem services or mitigating the environmental impacts of intensive agriculture. A large literature has explored the factors affecting the adoption of EFFPs by farmers. However, opposite effects of several factors on uptake have often emerged. We carried out a qualitative meta-analysis of the literature seeking to identify some geographical and temporal trends that can provide a rationale to explain these opposite results. To reach this goal, we analysed the literature and classified the following factors affecting farmers’ behaviour according to the theory of reasoned action and planned behaviour: farm, farmer, informational, and social factors. Our perspective in exploring the existing literature shows that the geographical context and the temporal period under analysis, considered as different adopters’ cohorts, can explain most of the opposite effects. For example, while the different effects of farm structural factors show specific geographical patterns, those of the management and economic factors follow temporal trends. The impact of some farmers’ socio-demographical characteristics and some social factors can be explained in terms of both geographical context and time. The broad trends we found cast light on the importance of further research adopting the same methodological approach in different geographical contexts and under a temporal perspective.

Suggested Citation

  • Daniele Mozzato & Paola Gatto & Edi Defrancesco & Lucia Bortolini & Francesco Pirotti & Elena Pisani & Luigi Sartori, 2018. "The Role of Factors Affecting the Adoption of Environmentally Friendly Farming Practices: Can Geographical Context and Time Explain the Differences Emerging from Literature?," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(9), pages 1-23, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2018:i:9:p:3101-:d:166808
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    Cited by:

    1. Fabio Bartolini & Daniele Vergamini, 2019. "Understanding the Spatial Agglomeration of Participation in Agri-Environmental Schemes: The Case of the Tuscany Region," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(10), pages 1-18, May.

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    Keywords

    environmentally friendly farming practices; adoption; uptake; factors affecting farmers’ behaviour; theory of reasoned action and planned behaviour; geographical context; temporal trend;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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