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Impacts of Socio-Psychological Factors on Actual Adoption of Sustainable Land Management Practices in Dryland and Water Stressed Areas

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  • Woldegebrial Zeweld

    () (Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Mekelle University, Mekelle P. O. Box 231, Ethiopia
    Department of Agricultural Economics, Ghent University, Coupure Links 653, B-9000 Gent, Belgium)

  • Guido Van Huylenbroeck

    () (Department of Agricultural Economics, Ghent University, Coupure Links 653, B-9000 Gent, Belgium)

  • Girmay Tesfay

    () (Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Mekelle University, Mekelle P. O. Box 231, Ethiopia)

  • Hossein Azadi

    () (Department of Geography, Ghent University, Krijgslaan 281, S8m, B-9000 Gent, Belgium)

  • Stijn Speelman

    () (Department of Agricultural Economics, Ghent University, Coupure Links 653, B-9000 Gent, Belgium)

Abstract

Despite the presence of several studies on technology adoption, there are limited empirical studies on how socio-psychological factors affect the adoption of sustainable agriculture. Therefore, this paper investigates how socio-psychological factors-such as social capital, information, attitudes, efficacy, and aversion-affect smallholder farmers’ decisions to adopt sustainable land management practices, such as agroforestry systems, organic compost, and crop rotation with legumes. Cross-sectional data are collected from 350 randomly selected farm households using a pre-tested and structured questionnaire. A multivariate probit model is used to investigate factors that influence the probability of adopting these practices. The ordered probit model is also applied to identify and analyze the determinants of the number (intensity) of land management practices adopted. The findings indicate that nearly half of the farmers have adopted these land management practices to improve soil fertility, enhance water retention capacity, and increase productivity. It is also found that attitudes, information, education, group membership, relational capital, risk attitudes, and labor supply significantly affect the probability of adopting these agricultural practices. The estimates of the ordered probit model also indicate that extension services, risk attitudes, group membership, relational capital, education and labor supply are major determinants of the number of land management practices used. However, financial resources, biophysical factors and some demographic factors are found to have an insignificant effect on sustainable agriculture adoption. This implies that when it is necessary to promote sustainable land management practices and to stimulate smallholder farmers to adopt such practices in isolation or combination, specific strategies should be designed to improve awareness, build positive attitudes, reduce risk aversion, strengthen formal organizations, and empower endogenous groups (or informal institutions).

Suggested Citation

  • Woldegebrial Zeweld & Guido Van Huylenbroeck & Girmay Tesfay & Hossein Azadi & Stijn Speelman, 2018. "Impacts of Socio-Psychological Factors on Actual Adoption of Sustainable Land Management Practices in Dryland and Water Stressed Areas," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(9), pages 1-23, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2018:i:9:p:2963-:d:164809
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

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    2. Samuel Assefa & Aad Kessler & Luuk Fleskens, 2018. "Assessing Farmers’ Willingness to Participate in Campaign-Based Watershed Management: Experiences from Boset District, Ethiopia," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(12), pages 1-15, November.
    3. Vu, Ha Thu & Tran, Duc & Goto, Daisaku & Kawata, Keisuke, 2020. "Does experience sharing affect farmers’ pro-environmental behavior? A randomized controlled trial in Vietnam," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 136(C).
    4. Hui Li & Diejun Huang & Qiuzhuo Ma & Wene Qi & Hua Li, 2019. "Factors Influencing the Technology Adoption Behaviours of Litchi Farmers in China," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(1), pages 1-1, December.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    social capital; information; risk attitudes; agricultural practices; multivariate analysis.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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