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Enterprise Agglomeration, Output Prices, and Physical Productivity: Firm-Level Evidence from Ethiopia


  • Eyerusalem Siba
  • Måns Söderbom
  • Arne Bigsten
  • Mulu Gebreeyesus


We use census panel data on Ethiopian manufacturing firms to analyze the connections between enterprise agglomeration, firm-level output prices and physical productivity. We find a negative and statistically significant relationship between the agglomeration of firms that produce a given product in a given location and the price of that product in the location. We further find a positive and statistically significant relationship between the agglomeration of firms that produce a given product in a location and the physical productivity of firms in the same location producing that product.

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  • Eyerusalem Siba & Måns Söderbom & Arne Bigsten & Mulu Gebreeyesus, 2012. "Enterprise Agglomeration, Output Prices, and Physical Productivity: Firm-Level Evidence from Ethiopia," WIDER Working Paper Series wp-2012-085, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
  • Handle: RePEc:unu:wpaper:wp-2012-085

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Van Biesebroeck, Johannes, 2008. "The Sensitivity of Productivity Estimates," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 26, pages 311-328.
    2. Philippe Aghion & Nick Bloom & Richard Blundell & Rachel Griffith & Peter Howitt, 2005. "Competition and Innovation: an Inverted-U Relationship," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, President and Fellows of Harvard College, vol. 120(2), pages 701-728.
    3. Blien, Uwe & Suedekum, Jens & Wolf, Katja, 2006. "Local employment growth in West Germany: A dynamic panel approach," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 13(4), pages 445-458, August.
    4. Marcel Fafchamps & Måns Söderbom, 2014. "Network Proximity and Business Practices in African Manufacturing," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 28(1), pages 99-129.
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    Cited by:

    1. Marco Sanfilippo & Adnan Seric, 2016. "Spillovers from agglomerations and inward FDI: a multilevel analysis on sub-Saharan African firms," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 152(1), pages 147-176, February.
    2. Tewodros Makonnen Gebrewolde & James Rockey, 2023. "The effectiveness of industrial policy in developing countries: causal evidence from Ethiopian manufacturing firms," Journal of Development Effectiveness, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 15(2), pages 196-222, April.
    3. Solomon Tsehay Feleke & Alemnesh Gebreselassie & Zerayehu Eshete & Asmayit Tekeste & Lulit Mitik Beyene, 2019. "Resource Allocation across Industrial Sectors, Growth, Poverty, and Income Inequality in Ethiopia: A Macro-Micro Approach," Working Papers MPIA 2019-16, PEP-MPIA.
    4. BAH, Mamadou Mouminy, 2021. "Agglomeration Economies and Labour Misallocation in Cote d’Ivoire," MPRA Paper 109314, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Karim Badr & Reham Rizk & Chahir Zaki, 2019. "Firm productivity and agglomeration economies: evidence from Egyptian data," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 51(51), pages 5528-5544, November.
    6. Alan Gelb & Vijaya Ramachandran & Christian J. Meyer & Divyanshi Wadhwa & Kyle Navis, 2020. "Can Sub-Saharan Africa Be a Manufacturing Destination? Labor Costs, Price Levels, and the Role of Industrial Policy," Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade, Springer, vol. 20(2), pages 335-357, June.
    7. Emma Howard & Carol Newman & Finn Tarp, 2016. "Measuring industry coagglomeration and identifying the driving forces," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 16(5), pages 1055-1078.
    8. Marco Sanfilippo & Adnan Seric, 2014. "Spillovers from agglomerations and inward FDI. A Multilevel Analysis on SSA domestic firms," RSCAS Working Papers 2014/76, European University Institute.
    9. Theresa Chaudhry & Muhammad Haseeb & Maryiam Haroon, 2017. "Economic geography and misallocation in Pakistan’s manufacturing hub," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 59(1), pages 189-208, July.
    10. Xiaoying Li & Yin-Fang Zhang & Laixiang Sun, 2018. "Industry Agglomeration, Sub-National Institutions and the Profitability of Foreign Subsidiaries," Management International Review, Springer, vol. 58(6), pages 969-993, December.

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    Industrial productivity; Manufacturing industries; Prices;
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