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Technology-Induced Trade Shocks? Evidence from Broadband Expansion in France

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  • Clément Magouyres

    (Ecole d'Économie de Paris - Paris School of Economics (PSE))

  • Thierry Mayer

    (Département d'économie)

  • Clément Mazet

    (Département d'économie)

Abstract

In this paper, we document the presence of “technology-induced” trade in France between 1997 and 2007 and assess its impact on consumer welfare. We use the staggered roll-out of broadband internet to estimate its causal effect on the importing behavior of affected firms. Using an event-study design, we find that broadband expansion increases firm-level imports by around 25%. We further find that the “sub-extensive” margin (number of products and sourcing countries per firm) is the main channel of adjustment and that the effect is larger for capital goods. Finally, we develop a model where firms optimize over their import strategy and which yields a sufficient statistics formula for the quantification of the effects of broadband on consumer welfare. Interpreted within this model, our reduced-form estimates imply that broadband internet reduced the consumer price index by 1.7% and that the import-channel, i.e. the enhanced access to foreign goods that is allowed by broadband, accounts for a quarter of that effect.

Suggested Citation

  • Clément Magouyres & Thierry Mayer & Clément Mazet, 2019. "Technology-Induced Trade Shocks? Evidence from Broadband Expansion in France," Sciences Po publications 2019-10, Sciences Po.
  • Handle: RePEc:spo:wpmain:info:hdl:2441/4b7tooefh48jlq7oktt0tbn8om
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    Cited by:

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    3. Zi, Yuan & Chen, Zhiyuan & Erbahar, Aksel, 2020. "Made and Created in China: The Role of Processing Trade," CEPR Discussion Papers 14486, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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    6. Philippe Aghion & Antonin Bergeaud & Matthieu Lequien & Marc J. Melitz, 2018. "The Heterogeneous Impact of Market Size on Innovation: Evidence from French Firm-Level Exports," NBER Working Papers 24600, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Eichengreen, Barry & Lafarguette, Romain & Mehl, Arnaud & Ferrari Minesso, Massimo, 2023. "Technology and the geography of the foreign exchange market," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 131(C).
    8. Dorn, David & Levell, Peter, 2021. "Trade and Inequality in Europe and the US," CEPR Discussion Papers 16780, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    9. Zhiyuan Chen & Aksel Erbahar & Yuan Zi, 2019. "Made and Created in China: Super Processors and Two-way Heterogeneity," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 19-080/VI, Tinbergen Institute.
    10. Cusato, Antonio & Castillo, José Luis & IDB Invest, 2023. "Access to Credit and the Expansion of Broadband Internet in Peru," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 12922, Inter-American Development Bank.
    11. Gilbert Cette & Sandra Nevoux & Loriane Py, 2022. "The impact of ICTs and digitalization on productivity and labor share: evidence from French firms," Economics of Innovation and New Technology, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 31(8), pages 669-692, November.
    12. Antonin Bergeaud & Clément Mazet-Sonilhac, 2022. "Health crisis: French companies maintained their repayment capacity in 2020 [Changement technologique et externalisation : illustration par l’accès à l’Internet haut débit en France]," Bulletin de la Banque de France, Banque de France, issue 239.
    13. Carter, Colin A. & Steinbach, Sandro & Zhuang, Xiting, 2022. "Global Container Trade Disruptions and U.S. Agricultural Exports," 2022 Annual Meeting, July 31-August 2, Anaheim, California 322364, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    14. Wache, Benjamin, 2021. "Information Frictions, Global Capital Markets, and the Telegraph," VfS Annual Conference 2021 (Virtual Conference): Climate Economics 242444, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    15. Antonin Bergeaud & Gilbert Cette & Rémy Lecat, 2019. "The Circular Relationship Between Productivity Growth and Real Interest Rates," Working papers 734, Banque de France.
    16. Philippe Aghion & Antonin Bergeaud & Matthieu Lequien & Marc Melitz & Thomas Zuber, 2021. "Opposing firm-level Responses to the China Shock: Horizontal Competition Versus Vertical Relationships?," NBER Working Papers 29196, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    17. Gigout, Timothee, 2019. "Firm dynamics in an global and uncertain economy," MPRA Paper 96569, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 16 Oct 2019.
    18. Carter, Colin A. & Steinbach, Sandro & Zhuang, Xiting, 2022. "Global Shipping Container Disruptions and U.S. Agricultural Exports," Working Papers 320397, International Agricultural Trade Research Consortium.
    19. Aksel Erbahar & Ömer Tarık Gençosmanoğlu, 2023. "Migrants and imports: Evidence from Dutch firms," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 90(360), pages 1204-1228, October.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Internet; Trade; Imports; Consumer welfare;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • F61 - International Economics - - Economic Impacts of Globalization - - - Microeconomic Impacts
    • F66 - International Economics - - Economic Impacts of Globalization - - - Labor
    • L23 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Organization of Production
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes

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