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New Perspectives on the Decline of US Manufacturing Employment

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  • Teresa C. Fort
  • Justin R. Pierce
  • Peter K. Schott

Abstract

We use relatively unexplored dimensions of US microdata to examine how US manufacturing employment has evolved across industries, firms, establishments, and regions. We show that these data provide support for both trade- and technology-based explanations of the overall decline of employment over this period, while also highlighting the difficulties of estimating an overall contribution for each mechanism. Toward that end, we discuss how further analysis of these trends might yield sharper insights.

Suggested Citation

  • Teresa C. Fort & Justin R. Pierce & Peter K. Schott, 2018. "New Perspectives on the Decline of US Manufacturing Employment," NBER Working Papers 24490, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:24490
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    Cited by:

    1. Malgouyres, Clément & Mayer, Thierry & Mazet, Clément, 2019. "Technology-induced Trade Shocks? Evidence from Broadband Expansion in France," CEPR Discussion Papers 13847, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    2. Fariha Kamal, 2018. "A Portrait of U.S. Factoryless Goods Producers," NBER Chapters,in: The Challenges of Globalization in the Measurement of National Accounts National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Bell, Kathleen P. & Crandall, Mindy & Munroe, Darla K. & Colocousis, Chris & Morzillo, Anita, 2018. "Rural forest-based communities, economic shocks, and economic trajectories," 2018 Annual Meeting, August 5-7, Washington, D.C. 274499, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    4. Anderson, Kym, 2018. "Structural Transformation to Manufacturing and Services: What Role for Trade?," CEPR Discussion Papers 13351, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    5. Pierce, Justin R. & Schott, Peter K., 2018. "Investment responses to trade liberalization: Evidence from U.S. industries and establishments," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 115(C), pages 203-222.
    6. Ansgar Belke & Ulrich Volz, 2018. "The Yen Exchange Rate and the Hollowing-out of the Japanese Industry," Working Papers halshs-01917940, HAL.
    7. Malgouyres, Clément & Mayer, Thierry & Mazet, Clément, 2019. "Technology-induced Trade Shocks? Evidence from Broadband Expansion in France," CEPR Discussion Papers 13847, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    8. Susan N. Houseman & Brad J. Hershbein, 2018. "Understanding the Decline of U.S. Manufacturing Employment," Upjohn Working Papers and Journal Articles 18-287, W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F1 - International Economics - - Trade
    • J2 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor
    • J6 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes

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