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When Work Disappears: Manufacturing Decline and the Falling Marriage-Market Value of Young Men

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Listed:
  • Autor, David

    (MIT)

  • Dorn, David

    (University of Zurich)

  • Hanson, Gordon H.

    (University of California, San Diego)

Abstract

We exploit the gender-specific components of large-scale labor demand shocks stemming from rising international manufacturing competition to test how shifts in the relative economic stature of young men versus young women affected marriage, fertility and children's living circumstances during 1990-2014. On average, trade shocks differentially reduce employment and earnings of young adult males. Consistent with Becker's model of household specialization, shocks to male's relative earnings reduce marriage and fertility. Consistent with prominent sociological accounts, these shocks heighten male idleness and premature mortality, and raise the share of mothers who are unwed and the share of children living in below-poverty, single-headed households.

Suggested Citation

  • Autor, David & Dorn, David & Hanson, Gordon H., 2018. "When Work Disappears: Manufacturing Decline and the Falling Marriage-Market Value of Young Men," IZA Discussion Papers 11465, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp11465
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    import competition; trade flows; single-parent families; household structure; mortality; fertility; marriage market; local labor markets;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F16 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Labor Market Interactions
    • J12 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure
    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand

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