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Technological change and domestic outsourcing

Author

Listed:
  • Antonin Bergeaud
  • Clément Malgouyres
  • Clément Mazet-Sonilhac
  • Sara Signorelli

Abstract

Domestic outsourcing has grown substantially in developed countries over the past two decades. This paper addresses the question of the technological drivers of this phenomenon by studying the impact of the staggered diffusion of broadband internet in France during the 2000s. Our results confirm that broadband technology increases firm productivity and the relative demand for high-skill workers. Further, we show that broadband internet led firms to outsource some non-core occupations to service contractors, both in the low and high-skill segments. In both cases, we find that employment related to these occupations became increasingly concentrated in firms specializing in these activities, and was less likely to be performed in-house within firms specialized in other activities. As a result, after the arrival of broadband internet, establishments become increasingly homogeneous in their occupational composition. Finally, we provide suggestive evidence that high-skill workers experience salary gains from being outsourced, while low-skill workers lose out.

Suggested Citation

  • Antonin Bergeaud & Clément Malgouyres & Clément Mazet-Sonilhac & Sara Signorelli, 2021. "Technological change and domestic outsourcing," OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers 264, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:elsaab:264-en
    DOI: 10.1787/e3b226da-en
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    Cited by:

    1. Pisch, Frank & Berlingieri, Giuseppe, 2022. "Managing Export Complexity: The Role of Service Outsourcing," Publications of Darmstadt Technical University, Institute for Business Studies (BWL) 135680, Darmstadt Technical University, Department of Business Administration, Economics and Law, Institute for Business Studies (BWL).
    2. Antonin Bergeaud & Clément Mazet-Sonilhac, 2022. "Health crisis: French companies maintained their repayment capacity in 2020 [Changement technologique et externalisation : illustration par l’accès à l’Internet haut débit en France]," Bulletin de la Banque de France, Banque de France, issue 239.
    3. Adrien Bilal & Hugo Lhuillier, 2021. "Outsourcing, Inequality and Aggregate Output," Working Papers 2021-05, Becker Friedman Institute for Research In Economics.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    broadband; Firm Organisation; Labour Market; Outsourcing;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G14 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Information and Market Efficiency; Event Studies; Insider Trading
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes

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