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Aid, Remittances, the Dutch Disease, Refugees, and Kenya

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Listed:
  • Richard Chisik

    (Department of Economics, Ryerson University, Toronto, Canada)

  • Nazanin Behzadan

    (Department of Economics, Ryerson University, Toronto, Canada)

  • Harun Onder

    (The World Bank)

  • Apurva Sanghi

    (The World Bank)

Abstract

In this paper we show that an important determinant of a foreign transfer generating a Dutch disease effect is the income of the recipient. The marginal propensity to consume luxury services is larger for wealthier recipients who are more likely to receive the benefits of foreign aid than they are to receive remittances. In a three good model of international trade with production we show that foreign aid can generate a Dutch disease and remittances can foster economic growth. We empirically verify these hypotheses with data from two panels of data covering the years 1980-2009. The data for Kenya, with its large population of displaced person in refugee camps, however, fails to support these propositions. The Kenyan data suggests that certain restrictions on refugees reduce the beneficial effect of their received remittances on the host economy.

Suggested Citation

  • Richard Chisik & Nazanin Behzadan & Harun Onder & Apurva Sanghi, 2016. "Aid, Remittances, the Dutch Disease, Refugees, and Kenya," Working Papers 062, Ryerson University, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:rye:wpaper:wp062
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Justin Caron & Thibault Fally & James R. Markusen, 2021. "International Trade Puzzles: A Solution Linking Production And Preferences," World Scientific Book Chapters, in: BROADENING TRADE THEORY Incorporating Market Realities into Traditional Models, chapter 11, pages 199-250, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
    2. Behzadan, Nazanin & Chisik, Richard & Onder, Harun & Battaile, Bill, 2017. "Does inequality drive the Dutch disease? Theory and evidence," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 106(C), pages 104-118.
    3. Swaroop, Vinaya & Jha, Shikha & Sunil Rajkumar, Andrew, 2000. "Fiscal effects of foreign aid in a federal system of governance: The case of India," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 77(3), pages 307-330, September.
    4. Battaile, Bill & Chisik, Richard & Onder, Harun, 2014. "Services, inequality, and the dutch disease," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6966, The World Bank.
    5. Chatterjee, Santanu & Giuliano, Paola & Kaya, Ilker, 2007. "Where Has All the Money Gone? Foreign Aid and the Quest for Growth," IZA Discussion Papers 2858, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    6. Younas, Javed, 2008. "Motivation for bilateral aid allocation: Altruism or trade benefits," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 24(3), pages 661-674, September.
    7. Mark McGillivray & Oliver Morrissey, 2000. "Aid fungibility in Assessing Aid: red herring or true concern?," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 12(3), pages 413-428, April.
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