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Simulation-based estimation of Tobit model with random effects

  • Calzolari, Giorgio
  • Magazzini, Laura
  • Mealli, Fabrizia

The estimation of limited dependent variable panel data models usually involves objective functions in which integrals appear without a closed form solution: this is the case of the panel data Tobit model with random effects. Recently, simulation methods have shown to be useful in the inference process, as they offer methods to approximate such integrals (Laroque, Salanie, 1989; Gouri´eroux, Monfort, 1991, 1993; Hajivassiliou, McFadden, 1998; Mealli, Rampichini, 1999; Inkmann, 2000). Although the asymptotic performances of such methods are known and their application has been successfully undertaken, more precise ideas on their finite sample performance and computational efficiency is still needed. In this paper we propose to use the method of indirect inference, using different auxiliary models, and the simulated maximum likelihood to estimate these models. We use a panel data Tobit model with a simple correlation structure in the unobservables (i.e. a one-factor structure), but the model could be easily extended. Using both simulated and real data, we show the perfomances of the proposed methods in finite samples. The application on real data is concerned with a model of female labour supply.

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File URL: http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/22985/1/MPRA_paper_22985.pdf
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Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 22985.

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Date of creation: 2001
Date of revision: 2001
Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:22985
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  1. Mealli, Fabrizia & Rampichini, Carla, 1999. "Estimating binary multilevel models through indirect inference," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 29(3), pages 313-324, January.
  2. Giorgio Calzolari & F. Di Iorio & G. Fiorentini, 1999. "Indirect Estimation of Just-Identified Models with Control Variates," Econometrics Working Papers Archive quaderno46, Universita' degli Studi di Firenze, Dipartimento di Statistica, Informatica, Applicazioni "G. Parenti".
  3. Amemiya, Takeshi, 1984. "Tobit models: A survey," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 24(1-2), pages 3-61.
  4. V A Hajivassiliou & DL McFadden, 1997. "The Method of Simulated Scores for the Estimation of LDV Models," STICERD - Econometrics Paper Series 328, Suntory and Toyota International Centres for Economics and Related Disciplines, LSE.
  5. Gourieroux, C. & Monfort, A. & Renault, E., 1992. "Indirect Inference," Papers 92.279, Toulouse - GREMAQ.
  6. Honore, Bo E., 1993. "Orthogonality conditions for Tobit models with fixed effects and lagged dependent variables," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 59(1-2), pages 35-61, September.
  7. Joachim Inkmann, 1999. "Misspecified heteroskedasticity in the panel probit model: A small sample comparison of GMM and SML estimators," CoFE Discussion Paper 99-04, Center of Finance and Econometrics, University of Konstanz.
  8. Heckman, James J & Macurdy, Thomas E, 1980. "A Life Cycle Model of Female Labour Supply," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 47(1), pages 47-74, January.
  9. G. S. Maddala, 1987. "Limited Dependent Variable Models Using Panel Data," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 22(3), pages 307-338.
  10. Gallant, A. Ronald & Tauchen, George, 1996. "Which Moments to Match?," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 12(04), pages 657-681, October.
  11. Honore, Bo E, 1992. "Trimmed LAD and Least Squares Estimation of Truncated and Censored Regression Models with Fixed Effects," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 60(3), pages 533-65, May.
  12. Laroque, Guy & Salanie, Bernard, 1989. "Estimation of Multi-market Fix-Price Models: An Application of Pseudo Maximum Likelihood Methods," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 57(4), pages 831-60, July.
  13. Christian GOURIEROUX & Alain MONFORT, 1991. "Simulation Based Inference in Models with Heterogeneity," Annales d'Economie et de Statistique, ENSAE, issue 20-21, pages 69-107.
  14. Gourieroux, Christian & Monfort, Alain, 1993. "Simulation-based inference : A survey with special reference to panel data models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 59(1-2), pages 5-33, September.
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