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Labor Market Institutions and the Employment-Productivity Trade-Off: A Wage Posting Approach

  • Chéron, Arnaud

    ()

    (University of Le Mans)

  • Hairault, Jean-Olivier

    ()

    (University of Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne)

  • Langot, François

    ()

    (University of Le Mans)

This paper analyzes the implications of labor market institutions and policies on the employment-labor productivity trade-off. We consider an equilibrium search model with wage posting and specific human capital investment where unemployment and the distribution of both wages and productivity are endogenous. By means of simulations of this model estimated on French data, we show that the minimum wage allows a high production level to be reached by inducing increased training investment, even if its optimal level is weaker. Considering the payroll tax subsidies implemented to lower the labor cost without removing the minimum wage legislation, we show that this policy has been welfare improving, and has been relatively well managed by spreading subsidies over a large range of wages, and not only at the minimum wage level.

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Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 1364.

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Length: 41 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2004
Date of revision:
Publication status: published as "A quantitative evaluation of payroll tax subsidies for low-wage workers: An equilibrium search approach" in: Journal of Public Economics, 2008, 92(3-4), 817-843
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp1364
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  11. Kramarz, Francis & Philippon, Thomas, 2000. "The Impact of Differential Payroll Tax Subsidies on Minimum Wage Employment," IZA Discussion Papers 219, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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  15. Pierre Cahuc & Fabien Postel-Vinay & Jean-Marc Robin, 2006. "Wage Bargaining with On-the-Job Search: Theory and Evidence," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 74(2), pages 323-364, 03.
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