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Bank Survival in European Emerging Markets

Author

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  • Kočenda, Evžen
  • Iwasaki, Ichiro

Abstract

We analyze bank survival on large dataset covering 17 European emerging markets during the period of 2007-2015 by estimating the Cox proportional hazards model. We group banks across countries and according to their financial soundness. Our results show that progress in banking reforms positively affects bank survival. The economic impact of various determinants is largest for average banks measured by their soundness. Financial indicators predict bank survival rate with intuitively expected impact that is economically less significant in comparison to other factors. Specifically, ownership structure and legal form are the key economically significant factors that exhibit strongest economic effect on bank survival. We further document importance of banks being listed with respect to their survival. We also show that probability of exit increases after number of directors increases beyond a threshold. The results are robust no matter how bank are grouped, with respect to alternative specifications as well as alternative assumptions on survival distribution.

Suggested Citation

  • Kočenda, Evžen & Iwasaki, Ichiro, 2018. "Bank Survival in European Emerging Markets," Discussion Paper Series 675, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.
  • Handle: RePEc:hit:hituec:675
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Bank survival; Banking reform; European emerging markets; Survival and exit determinants; Hazards model;

    JEL classification:

    • C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General
    • D02 - Microeconomics - - General - - - Institutions: Design, Formation, Operations, and Impact
    • D22 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Empirical Analysis
    • G33 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Bankruptcy; Liquidation

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