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Bank Survival in European Emerging Markets

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  • Kočenda, Evžen
  • Iwasaki, Ichiro

Abstract

We analyze bank survival on large dataset covering 17 European emerging markets during the period of 2007-2015 by estimating the Cox proportional hazards model. We group banks across countries and according to their financial soundness. Our results show that progress in banking reforms positively affects bank survival. The economic impact of various determinants is largest for average banks measured by their soundness. Financial indicators predict bank survival rate with intuitively expected impact that is economically less significant in comparison to other factors. Specifically, ownership structure and legal form are the key economically significant factors that exhibit strongest economic effect on bank survival. We further document importance of banks being listed with respect to their survival. We also show that probability of exit increases after number of directors increases beyond a threshold. The results are robust no matter how bank are grouped, with respect to alternative specifications as well as alternative assumptions on survival distribution.

Suggested Citation

  • Kočenda, Evžen & Iwasaki, Ichiro, 2018. "Bank Survival in European Emerging Markets," Discussion Paper Series 675, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.
  • Handle: RePEc:hit:hituec:675
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    Cited by:

    1. Ichiro Iwasaki & Evzen Kocenda & Yoshisada Shida, 2020. "Institutions, Financial Development, and Small Business Survival: Evidence from European Emerging Markets," Working Papers IES 2020/39, Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute of Economic Studies, revised Oct 2020.
    2. Reuter, Christian & Kaufhold, Marc-André & Schmid, Stefka & Spielhofer, Thomas & Hahne, Anna Sophie, 2019. "The impact of risk cultures: Citizens' perception of social media use in emergencies across Europe," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 148(C).
    3. Pfister Christian, 2020. "The 100% Reserve Reform: Calamity or Opportunity?," Working papers 786, Banque de France.
    4. Ichiro Iwasaki & Satoshi Mizobata, 2020. "Ownership Concentration and Firm Performance in European Emerging Economies: A Meta-Analysis," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 56(1), pages 32-67, January.
    5. Ichiro Iwasaki & Evzen Kocenda & Yoshisada Shida, 2020. "Distressed Acquisitions Evidence from European Emerging Markets," KIER Working Papers 1031, Kyoto University, Institute of Economic Research.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Bank survival; Banking reform; European emerging markets; Survival and exit determinants; Hazards model;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General
    • D02 - Microeconomics - - General - - - Institutions: Design, Formation, Operations, and Impact
    • D22 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Empirical Analysis
    • G33 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Bankruptcy; Liquidation

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