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The Impact of Institutional Quality on Bank Lending Activity: Evidence from Bayesian Model Averaging

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  • Svatopluk Kapounek

    (Mendel University in Brno, Faculty of Business and Economics, Brno, Czech Republic)

Abstract

The paper investigates the link between macroeconomic shocks, the institutional environment and the responses of bank lending activities to the financial crisis. We hypothesize that property rights and the enforcement of rules are crucial for well-functioning markets, especially in transition and emerging market economies where new institutions were created. The empirical analysis adopts panel regression models with bank fixed effects. Our rich dataset contains 10,565 banks from 66 countries across the whole world. The uncertainty caused by selection of regressors is reduced by Bayesian model averaging. In addition, we put a special emphasis on the dynamic changes of probability to involve selected variables into the model. We identify ownership structures and confirm inverse effects of institutional environment on the government and private banks. We show negative effects of economic freedom, openness and globalization on the lending activity of government banks while low regulations increase lending activity of private banks. We argue that economic and financial openness reduces information asymmetries and increase competition in private banking sector which results in lower net interest margins. On the contrary, lending activity of government bank is supported by political constraints.

Suggested Citation

  • Svatopluk Kapounek, 2017. "The Impact of Institutional Quality on Bank Lending Activity: Evidence from Bayesian Model Averaging," Czech Journal of Economics and Finance (Finance a uver), Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, vol. 67(5), pages 372-395, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:fau:fauart:v:67:y:2017:i:5:p:372-395
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    Cited by:

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    2. Florentina Melnic & Daniel Juravle, 2020. "Governance And Access To Finance," Review of Economic and Business Studies, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, issue 25, pages 151-168, June.
    3. Fidrmuc, Jarko & Degler, Moritz, 2021. "Temporal And Spatial Dependence Of Interregional Risk Sharing: Evidence From Russia," Macroeconomic Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 25(1), pages 178-200, January.
    4. Jarko Fidrmuc & Svatopluk Kapounek, 2020. "The Risks and Financial Vulnerability of Foreign Bank Ownership in CEECs: Evidence from Exchange Rate Depreciation after the Financial Crisis," Eastern European Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 58(1), pages 34-48, January.
    5. Baumöhl, Eduard & Iwasaki, Ichiro & Kočenda, Evžen, 2019. "Institutions and determinants of firm survival in European emerging markets," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 431-453.
    6. Kočenda, Evžen & Iwasaki, Ichiro, 2020. "Bank survival in Central and Eastern Europe," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 69(C), pages 860-878.
    7. Petr Vanek & Petr Korab, 2018. "Determinants of Deposit and Credit Euroization in Eastern Europe: A Bayesian Model Averaging Evidence," MENDELU Working Papers in Business and Economics 2018-73, Mendel University in Brno, Faculty of Business and Economics.
    8. Radoslaw Ciukaj & Krzysztof Kil, 2020. "Determinants of Polish Co-operative Banks’ Financial Liquidity in the Post-Crisis Perspective," Czech Journal of Economics and Finance (Finance a uver), Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, vol. 70(4), pages 350-372, October.
    9. Michal Brzozowski, 2019. "Access to Credit and Growth of Firms," Czech Journal of Economics and Finance (Finance a uver), Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, vol. 69(3), pages 253-274, June.
    10. Jan Janku & Zuzana Kucerova, 2018. "Successful Crowdfunding Campaigns: The Role of Project Specifics, Competition and Founders’ Experience," Czech Journal of Economics and Finance (Finance a uver), Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, vol. 68(4), pages 351-373, September.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    institutions; regulation; banks; lending; Bayesian model averaging;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • O17 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements
    • C11 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Bayesian Analysis: General

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