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Media ownership, concentration and corruption in bank lending

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  • Houston, Joel F.
  • Lin, Chen
  • Ma, Yue

Abstract

Building on the pioneering study by Beck, Demirguc-Kunt, and Levine (2006), this study examines the effects of media ownership and concentration on corruption in bank lending using a unique World Bank data set covering more than 5,000 firms across 59 countries. We find strong evidence that state ownership of media is associated with higher levels of bank corruption. We also find that media concentration increases corruption both directly and indirectly through its interaction with media state ownership. In addition, we find that media state ownership and media concentration both accentuate the positive link between official supervisory power and lending corruption and attenuate the negative link between the regulations that empower private monitoring and corruption in lending. Media state ownership or media concentration also accentuates the positive link between banking concentration and corruption in lending. Furthermore, the links between media structure and corruption are more pronounced when the borrowing firm is privately owned.

Suggested Citation

  • Houston, Joel F. & Lin, Chen & Ma, Yue, 2011. "Media ownership, concentration and corruption in bank lending," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 100(2), pages 326-350, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jfinec:v:100:y:2011:i:2:p:326-350
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Berg, Sanford V. & Jiang, Liangliang & Lin, Chen, 2012. "Regulation and corporate corruption: New evidence from the telecom sector," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(1), pages 22-43.
    2. Fungáčová, Zuzana & Kochanova, Anna & Weill, Laurent, 2015. "Does Money Buy Credit? Firm-Level Evidence on Bribery and Bank Debt," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 68(C), pages 308-322.
    3. Sadok El Ghoul & Omrane Guedhami & Chuck C. Y. Kwok & Xiaolan Zheng, 2016. "Collectivism and Corruption in Commercial Loan Production: How to Break the Curse?," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 139(2), pages 225-250, December.
    4. Ho, Po-Hsin & Chen, Hung-Kun & Lin, Chih-Yung & Chi, Che-Wei, 2016. "Does monitoring by the media improve the performance of government banks?," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 22(C), pages 76-87.
    5. Lin, Chen & Man-lai Wong, Sonia, 2013. "Government intervention and firm investment: Evidence from international micro-data," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 32(C), pages 637-653.
    6. repec:eee:intfin:v:53:y:2018:i:c:p:76-93 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Chen, Yunling & Liu, Ming & Su, Jun, 2013. "Greasing the wheels of bank lending: Evidence from private firms in China," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(7), pages 2533-2545.
    8. Svatopluk Kapounek, 2017. "The Impact of Institutional Quality on Bank Lending Activity: Evidence from Bayesian Model Averaging," Czech Journal of Economics and Finance (Finance a uver), Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, vol. 67(5), pages 372-395, October.
    9. Siwapong Dheera-aumpon, 2017. "Collectivism and Connected Lending," PIER Discussion Papers 57, Puey Ungphakorn Institute for Economic Research, revised Apr 2017.
    10. Barry, Thierno Amadou & Lepetit, Laetitia & Strobel, Frank, 2016. "Bank ownership structure, lending corruption and the regulatory environment," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 44(3), pages 732-751.
    11. repec:eee:corfin:v:45:y:2017:i:c:p:84-103 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Lin, Chen & Ma, Yue & Malatesta, Paul & Xuan, Yuhai, 2012. "Corporate ownership structure and bank loan syndicate structure," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 104(1), pages 1-22.
    13. Borghesi, Richard & Houston, Joel F. & Naranjo, Andy, 2014. "Corporate socially responsible investments: CEO altruism, reputation, and shareholder interests," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 26(C), pages 164-181.
    14. repec:eee:jaecon:v:63:y:2017:i:2:p:454-478 is not listed on IDEAS
    15. Berkowitz, Daniel & Lin, Chen & Ma, Yue, 2015. "Do property rights matter? Evidence from a property law enactment," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 116(3), pages 583-593.
    16. Barth, James R. & Lin, Chen & Ma, Yue & Seade, Jesús & Song, Frank M., 2013. "Do bank regulation, supervision and monitoring enhance or impede bank efficiency?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(8), pages 2879-2892.
    17. repec:hal:journl:dumas-00802139 is not listed on IDEAS
    18. Samer Khalil & Walid Saffar & Samir Trabelsi, 2015. "Disclosure Standards, Auditing Infrastructure, and Bribery Mitigation," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 132(2), pages 379-399, December.
    19. Dheera-aumpon, Siwapong, 2016. "Bank ownership and connected lending," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 274-286.
    20. repec:eee:ecosys:v:42:y:2018:i:1:p:106-118 is not listed on IDEAS
    21. Cherkaoui Malki, Sofiane, 2017. "Corruption and Media Concentration: A Panel Data Analysis," MPRA Paper 81073, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    22. Chen, Yan-Shing & Chen, Yehning & Lin, Chih-Yung & Sharma, Zenu, 2016. "Is there a bright side to government banks? Evidence from the global financial crisis," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 26(C), pages 128-143.
    23. Jia, Ming & Ruan, Hongfei & Zhang, Zhe, 2017. "How rumors fly," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 33-45.

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