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Who Owns the Media?

  • Simeon Djankov
  • Caralee McLiesh
  • Tatiana Nenova
  • Andrei Shleifer

We examine the patterns of media ownership in 97 countries around the world. We find that almost universally the largest media firms are owned by the government or by private families. Government ownership is more pervasive in broadcasting than in the printed media. Government ownership of the media is generally associated with less press freedom, fewer political and economic rights, and, most conspicuously, inferior social outcomes in the areas of education and health. It does not appear that adverse consequences of government ownership of the media are restricted solely to the instances of government monopoly.

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File URL: http://www.economics.harvard.edu/pub/hier/2001/HIER1919.pdf
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Paper provided by Harvard - Institute of Economic Research in its series Harvard Institute of Economic Research Working Papers with number 1919.

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Date of creation: 2001
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Handle: RePEc:fth:harver:1919
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Web page: http://www.economics.harvard.edu/journals/hier

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