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Cyclicality of bank liquidity creation

Listed author(s):
  • Davydov, Denis
  • Fungáčová, Zuzana
  • Weill, Laurent

This paper investigates the cyclicality of bank liquidity creation. Since liquidity creation is a major economic function of banks, their liquidity creation behavior may amplify business cycle fluctuations. Using the methodology of Berger and Bouwman (2009) to compute liquidity creation measures, we analyze the relation between GDP growth and liquidity creation of Russian banks from 2004 to 2015. Detailed quarterly data on a very large sample of banks and coexistence of different bank ownership types (state-owned, domestic private and foreign banks), makes Russia an ideal natural laboratory for study of cyclicality of liquidity creation for banks. We find that liquidity creation of banks is procyclical. We show that the liquidity creation behavior of state-owned banks and foreign banks is similar to that of domestic private banks in terms of procyclicality. We further find that the magnitude of procyclicality is higher for liquidity creation than for lending. Thus, while ownership of banks does not influence the liquidity creation behavior of banks, such behavior can amplify business cycle fluctuations.

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File URL: https://helda.helsinki.fi/bof/bitstream/123456789/14610/1/dp0517.pdf
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Paper provided by Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition in its series BOFIT Discussion Papers with number 5/2017.

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Date of creation: 10 Mar 2017
Handle: RePEc:bof:bofitp:2017_005
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Bank of Finland, BOFIT, P.O. Box 160, FI-00101 Helsinki, Finland

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  1. Fungáčová, Zuzana & Herrala, Risto & Weill, Laurent, 2013. "The influence of bank ownership on credit supply: Evidence from the recent financial crisis," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 15(C), pages 136-147.
  2. Behr, Patrick & Foos, Daniel & Norden, Lars, 2017. "Cyclicality of SME lending and government involvement in banks," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 77(C), pages 64-77.
  3. Allen N. Berger & Christa H. S. Bouwman, 2009. "Bank Liquidity Creation," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 22(9), pages 3779-3837, September.
  4. Jarko Fidrmuc & Zuzana Fungáčová & Laurent Weill, 2015. "Does Bank Liquidity Creation Contribute to Economic Growth? Evidence from Russia," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 26(3), pages 479-496, July.
  5. Arellano, Manuel & Bover, Olympia, 1995. "Another look at the instrumental variable estimation of error-components models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 68(1), pages 29-51, July.
  6. Sapienza, Paola, 2004. "The effects of government ownership on bank lending," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 72(2), pages 357-384, May.
  7. David Roodman, 2009. "How to do xtabond2: An introduction to difference and system GMM in Stata," Stata Journal, StataCorp LP, vol. 9(1), pages 86-136, March.
  8. Micco, Alejandro & Panizza, Ugo, 2006. "Bank ownership and lending behavior," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 93(2), pages 248-254, November.
  9. Zuzana Fungáčová & Laurent Weill & Mingming Zhou, 2017. "Bank Capital, Liquidity Creation and Deposit Insurance," Journal of Financial Services Research, Springer;Western Finance Association, vol. 51(1), pages 97-123, February.
  10. Brei, Michael & Schclarek, Alfredo, 2013. "Public bank lending in times of crisis," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 9(4), pages 820-830.
  11. Lei, Adrian C.H. & Song, Zhuoyun, 2013. "Liquidity creation and bank capital structure in China," Global Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 24(3), pages 188-202.
  12. Thibaut Duprey, 2015. "Do Publicly Owned Banks Lend Against the Wind?," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 11(2), pages 65-112, March.
  13. Cull, Robert & Martínez Pería, María Soledad, 2013. "Bank ownership and lending patterns during the 2008–2009 financial crisis: Evidence from Latin America and Eastern Europe," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(12), pages 4861-4878.
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  16. repec:bof:bofitp:urn:nbn:fi:bof-201503111110 is not listed on IDEAS
  17. Berger, Allen & Bouwman, Christa, 2015. "Bank Liquidity Creation and Financial Crises," Elsevier Monographs, Elsevier, edition 1, number 9780128002339.
  18. Bertay, Ata Can & Demirgüç-Kunt, Asli & Huizinga, Harry, 2015. "Bank ownership and credit over the business cycle: Is lending by state banks less procyclical?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 326-339.
  19. Daniel Carvalho, 2014. "The Real Effects of Government-Owned Banks: Evidence from an Emerging Market," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 69(2), pages 577-609, 04.
  20. Infante, L. & Piazza, M., 2014. "Political connections and preferential lending at local level: Some evidence from the Italian credit market," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 246-262.
  21. Berger, Allen N. & Bouwman, Christa H.S. & Kick, Thomas & Schaeck, Klaus, 2016. "Bank liquidity creation following regulatory interventions and capital support," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 26(C), pages 115-141.
  22. Asim Ijaz Khwaja & Atif Mian, 2005. "Do Lenders Favor Politically Connected Firms? Rent Provision in an Emerging Financial Market," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 120(4), pages 1371-1411.
  23. Windmeijer, Frank, 2005. "A finite sample correction for the variance of linear efficient two-step GMM estimators," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 126(1), pages 25-51, May.
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