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Public bank lending in times of crisis


  • Brei, Michael
  • Schclarek, Alfredo


This paper studies the role of government-owned banks in the event of financial crises. The study takes an empirical perspective focusing on bank lending. We compare the lending responses across government-owned and private banks to financial crises using the balance sheet information of 764 major banks headquartered in 50 countries over the period of 1994–2009. Using a nested panel regression framework that allows for parameter shifts in the bank lending equation, we find robust evidence that government-owned banks increase their lending during crises relative to normal times, while private banks’ lending decreases. Government-owned banks thus counteract the lending slowdown of private banks. The findings suggest that governments can play an active counter-cyclical role in their banking systems directly through government-owned banks.

Suggested Citation

  • Brei, Michael & Schclarek, Alfredo, 2013. "Public bank lending in times of crisis," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 9(4), pages 820-830.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:finsta:v:9:y:2013:i:4:p:820-830 DOI: 10.1016/j.jfs.2013.01.002

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Ho, Po-Hsin & Chen, Hung-Kun & Lin, Chih-Yung & Chi, Che-Wei, 2016. "Does monitoring by the media improve the performance of government banks?," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 22(C), pages 76-87.
    2. Nagano, Mamoru, 2016. "The bank–firm relationship during economic transition: The impacts on bank performance in emerging economies," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 28(C), pages 117-139.
    3. Bai, Y., 2015. "Essays in empirical banking," Other publications TiSEM 1dfac126-8206-4aca-a15d-5, Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management.
    4. Bertay, Ata Can & Demirgüç-Kunt, Asli & Huizinga, Harry, 2015. "Bank ownership and credit over the business cycle: Is lending by state banks less procyclical?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 326-339.
    5. Ibrahim, Mansor H., 2016. "Business cycle and bank lending procyclicality in a dual banking system," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 127-134.
    6. Caglayan, Mustafa & Xu, Bing, 2016. "Sentiment volatility and bank lending behavior," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 107-120.
    7. Brei, Michael & Schclarek, Alfredo, 2015. "A theoretical model of bank lending: Does ownership matter in times of crisis?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 298-307.
    8. Caglayan, Mustafa & Xu, Bing, 2016. "Inflation volatility effects on the allocation of bank loans," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 24(C), pages 27-39.
    9. Chen, Yan-Shing & Chen, Yehning & Lin, Chih-Yung & Sharma, Zenu, 2016. "Is there a bright side to government banks? Evidence from the global financial crisis," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 26(C), pages 128-143.
    10. Narendar Rao & K. Reddy, 2015. "The impact of the global financial crisis on cross-border mergers and acquisitions: a continental and industry analysis," Eurasian Business Review, Springer;Eurasia Business and Economics Society, vol. 5(2), pages 309-341, December.
    11. Davydov, Denis & Fungáčová, Zuzana & Weill, Laurent, 2017. "Cyclicality of bank liquidity creation," BOFIT Discussion Papers 5/2017, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition.
    12. Pak, Olga & Kretzschmar, Gavin Lee, 2016. "Western sanctions—Only half the challenge to Russia’s economic union," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 577-592.
    13. Meriläinen, Jari-Mikko, 2016. "Lending growth during the financial crisis and the sovereign debt crisis: The role of bank ownership type," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 168-182.
    14. Behr, Patrick & Foos, Daniel & Norden, Lars, 2017. "Cyclicality of SME lending and government involvement in banks," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 77(C), pages 64-77.
    15. Svatopluk Kapounek, 2017. "The Impact of Institutional Quality on Bank Lending Activity: Evidence from Bayesian Model Averaging," Czech Journal of Economics and Finance (Finance a uver), Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, vol. 67(5), pages 372-395, October.
    16. Hasan, Iftekhar & Jackowicz, Krzysztof & Kowalewski, Oskar & Kozlowski, Lukasz, 2014. "Bank ownership structure, SME lending and local credit markets," Research Discussion Papers 22/2014, Bank of Finland.
    17. Nathalie Rey, 2015. "Le système financier français face à ses missions d'intérêt général : le choix d'une internalisation par les établissements privés," Post-Print hal-01146742, HAL.

    More about this item


    Bank lending; Government-owned banks; Financial crises;

    JEL classification:

    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation


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