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Corruption, soundness of the banking sector, and economic growth: A cross-country study


  • Park, Junghee


This paper explores the impact of corruption on both the banking sector and economic growth; we determine the impact using 76 macroeconomic data from various countries over the period 2002–2004. The results of various cross-sectional regressions provide substantial evidence that corruption significantly aggravates the problems with bad loans in the banking sector. In this study, we also find some evidence of a new channel through which corruption lowers economic growth: Corruption distorts the allocation of bank funds from normal projects to bad projects, which decreases the quality of private investments, hence it decreases economic growth.

Suggested Citation

  • Park, Junghee, 2012. "Corruption, soundness of the banking sector, and economic growth: A cross-country study," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 31(5), pages 907-929.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jimfin:v:31:y:2012:i:5:p:907-929 DOI: 10.1016/j.jimonfin.2011.07.007

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Blog mentions

    As found by, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. Crisi e corruzione in Italia
      by Alberto Bagnai in Goofynomics on 2014-06-17 21:57:00


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    Cited by:

    1. Cuervo-Cazurra, Alvaro, 2016. "Corruption in international business," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 51(1), pages 35-49.
    2. ATI Abdessatar & BEN JAZIA Rachida, 2013. "Institutional Quality And Financial Stress: Experience From Emerging Country," Studies in Business and Economics, Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu, Faculty of Economic Sciences, vol. 8(3), pages 5-20, December.
    3. Petrou, Andreas P. & Thanos, Ioannis C., 2014. "The “grabbing hand” or the “helping hand” view of corruption: Evidence from bank foreign market entries," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 49(3), pages 444-454.
    4. Chen, Minghua & Jeon, Bang Nam & Wang, Rui & Wu, Ji, 2015. "Corruption and bank risk-taking: Evidence from emerging economies," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 24(C), pages 122-148.
    5. Petrou, Andreas P., 2015. "Arbitrariness of corruption and foreign affiliate performance: A resource dependence perspective," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 50(4), pages 826-837.
    6. Erotokritos Varelas, 2017. "Is bank lending corruption self-regulatory? A note," Discussion Paper Series 2017_03, Department of Economics, University of Macedonia, revised Mar 2017.
    7. repec:spr:fininn:v:2:y:2016:i:1:d:10.1186_s40854-016-0023-z is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item


    Non-performing loans; Corruption perception index; Financial crisis; Economic Growth;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • H7 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations


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