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Monetary Policy, Bank Bailouts and the Sovereign-Bank Risk Nexus in the Euro Area

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  • Marcel Fratzscher
  • Malte Rieth

Abstract

The paper analyses the empirical relationship between bank risk and sovereign credit risk in the euro area. Using structural VAR with daily financial markets data for 2003-13, the analysis confirms two-way causality between shocks to sovereign risk and bank risk, with the former being overall more important in explaining bank risk, than vice versa. The paper focuses specifically on the impact of non-standard monetary policy measures by the European Central Bank and on the effects of bank bailout policies by national governments. Testing specific hypotheses formulated in the literature, we find that bank bailout policies have reduced solvency risk in the banking sector, but partly at the expense of raising the credit risk of sovereigns. By contrast, monetary policy was in most, but not all cases effective in lowering credit risk among both sovereigns and banks. Finally, we find spillover effects in particular from sovereigns in the euro area periphery to the core countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Marcel Fratzscher & Malte Rieth, 2015. "Monetary Policy, Bank Bailouts and the Sovereign-Bank Risk Nexus in the Euro Area," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1448, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:diw:diwwpp:dp1448
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    Cited by:

    1. Brůha, Jan & Kočenda, Evžen, 2018. "Financial stability in Europe: Banking and sovereign risk," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 305-321.
    2. Falagiarda, Matteo & Reitz, Stefan, 2015. "Announcements of ECB unconventional programs: Implications for the sovereign spreads of stressed euro area countries," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 53(C), pages 276-295.
    3. Diego Caballero & André Lucas & Bernd Schwaab & Xin Zhang, 2019. "Risk endogeneity at the lender/investor-of-last-resort," BIS Working Papers 766, Bank for International Settlements.
    4. von Borstel, Julia & Eickmeier, Sandra & Krippner, Leo, 2016. "The interest rate pass-through in the euro area during the sovereign debt crisis," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 68(C), pages 386-402.
    5. Christian Bayer & Chi Hyun Kim & Alexander Kriwoluzky, 2018. "The Term Structure of Redenomination Risk," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1740, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    6. Hüser, Anne-Caroline & Hałaj, Grzegorz & Kok, Christoffer & Perales, Cristian & van der Kraaij, Anton, 2018. "The systemic implications of bail-in: A multi-layered network approach," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 81-97.
    7. Dell'Ariccia, Giovanni & Ferreira, Caio & Jenkinson, Nigel & Laeven, Luc & Martin, Alberto & Minoiu, Camelia & Popov, Alexander, 2018. "Managing the sovereign-bank nexus," Working Paper Series 2177, European Central Bank.
    8. Massimiliano Caporin & Gisle J. Natvik & Francesco Ravazzolo & Paolo Santucci de Magistris, 2017. "The Bank-Sovereign Nexus: Evidence from a non-Bailout Episode," CREATES Research Papers 2017-25, Department of Economics and Business Economics, Aarhus University.
    9. Timo Bettendorf, 2019. "Spillover effects of credit default risk in the euro area and the effects on the Euro: A GVAR approach," International Journal of Finance & Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 24(1), pages 296-312, January.
    10. repec:eee:empfin:v:49:y:2018:i:c:p:247-262 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Breckenfelder, Johannes & Schwaab, Bernd, 2018. "Bank to sovereign risk spillovers across borders: Evidence from the ECB’s Comprehensive Assessment," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 247-262.
    12. Andrea Beltratti & René M. Stulz, 2015. "Bank sovereign bond holdings, sovereign shock spillovers, and moral hazard during the European crisis," NBER Working Papers 21150, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    13. repec:eee:macchp:v2-355 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. Caporin, Massimiliano & Pelizzon, Loriana & Ravazzolo, Francesco & Rigobon, Roberto, 2018. "Measuring sovereign contagion in Europe," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 34(C), pages 150-181.
    15. Holton, Sarah & McCann, Fergal, 2016. "Sources of the small firm financing premium: Evidence from euro area banks," Research Technical Papers 09/RT/16, Central Bank of Ireland.
    16. repec:eee:jbfina:v:88:y:2018:i:c:p:63-75 is not listed on IDEAS
    17. Bordo, M.D. & Meissner, C.M., 2016. "Fiscal and Financial Crises," Handbook of Macroeconomics, Elsevier.
    18. Große Steffen, Christoph, 2015. "Uncertainty shocks and non-fundamental debt crises: An ambiguity approach," Annual Conference 2015 (Muenster): Economic Development - Theory and Policy 112936, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    19. Böhm, Hannes & Eichler, Stefan, 2018. "Avoiding the fall into the loop: Isolating the transmission of bank-to-sovereign distress in the euro area and its drivers," IWH Discussion Papers 19/2018, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH).
    20. Podstawski, Maximilian & Velinov, Anton, 2018. "The state dependent impact of bank exposure on sovereign risk," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 88(C), pages 63-75.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Credit risk; banks; sovereigns; monetary policy; bank bailout; heteroscedasticity; spillovers;

    JEL classification:

    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • G10 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - General (includes Measurement and Data)
    • E60 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - General

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