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End of the sovereign-bank doom loop in the European Union? The Bank Recovery and Resolution Directive

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  • Giovanni Covi

    (University of Verona
    University of Sussex – SPRU)

  • Ulrich Eydam

    (University of Potsdam)

Abstract

In this paper we examine the relationship between the default risk of banks and sovereigns, i.e. the ‘doom-loop’. Specifically, we try to assess the effectiveness of the implementation of the new recovery and resolution framework in the European Union. We use a panel with daily data on European banks and sovereigns ranging from 2012 to 2016 in order to test the effects of the Bank Recovery and Resolution Directive on the two-way feedback process. We find that there was a pronounced feedback loop between banks and sovereigns from 2012 to 2014. However, after the implementation of the European Banking Union, in 2015/2016, the magnitude of the doom-loop decreased and the spillovers became not statistically significant. Furthermore, our results suggest that the implementation of the new resolution framework is a suitable candidate to explain this finding. Overall, the results are robust across several specifications.

Suggested Citation

  • Giovanni Covi & Ulrich Eydam, 2020. "End of the sovereign-bank doom loop in the European Union? The Bank Recovery and Resolution Directive," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 30(1), pages 5-30, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:joevec:v:30:y:2020:i:1:d:10.1007_s00191-018-0576-2
    DOI: 10.1007/s00191-018-0576-2
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    Cited by:

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    2. Neyer, Ulrike & Sterzel, André, 2018. "Preferential treatment of government bonds in liquidity regulation: Implications for bank behaviour and financial stability," DICE Discussion Papers 301, Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf Institute for Competition Economics (DICE).
    3. Giovanni Covi, 2020. "Euro area growth differentials: diverging and reinforcing factors in a Kaleckian SVAR approach," Empirica, Springer;Austrian Institute for Economic Research;Austrian Economic Association, vol. 47(1), pages 147-180, February.
    4. Neyer, Ulrike & Sterzel, André, 2017. "Capital requirements for government bonds: Implications for bank behaviour and financial stability," DICE Discussion Papers 275, Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf Institute for Competition Economics (DICE).
    5. Paola Leone & Pasqualina Porretta & Luca Riccetti, 2021. "European Significant Bank Stock Market Volatility: Is there a Bail-In Effect?," International Journal of Business and Management, Canadian Center of Science and Education, vol. 14(5), pages 1-32, July.
    6. Bales, Stephan, 2022. "Sovereign and bank dependence in the eurozone: A multi-scale approach using wavelet-network analysis," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 83(C).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Financial stability; Sovereign bail-out; Bail-in tool; Doom loop; European Banking Union; Bank Recovery and Resolution Directive;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G18 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • L51 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - Economics of Regulation

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