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Diferenciales salariales por género y región en Colombia: Una aproximación con regresión por cuantiles

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  • Luis Armando Galvis

Abstract

La existencia de brechas salariales por género es un fenómeno que, al igual que en muchos otros países, está presente en el mercado laboral colombiano. Esas brechas no son homogéneas a través del territorio y ello justifica un análisis detallado de lo que ocurre en cada una de las regiones del país. Los resultados muestran diferenciales de salarios positivos a favor de los hombres en la mayoría de las ciudades principales. No todo este diferencial puede ser atribuido a la existencia de discriminación por cuanto existen factores que explican parte de la brecha salarial. Para ello se emplea la descomposición de Blinder-Oaxaca en el contexto de regresión por cuantiles. Los resultados de la aplicación de la metodología de BO sugieren que las brechas salariales no están explicadas por los atributos observables de los individuos. Dichas brechas son en su mayoría explicadas por el efecto de las diferencias en la remuneración a los atributos tales como la educación, y a elementos no observados. Por ciudades el estudio muestra patrones que revelan una mayor brecha salarial en las ciudades periféricas en contraposición a las de Bogotá, Cali, Medellín, Manizales y Pereira. Dado que el efecto remuneración comprende, entre otros, la posible existencia de discriminación por género, es importante que se le otorgue la debida atención a este resultado para efectos de la formulación de políticas de género.

Suggested Citation

  • Luis Armando Galvis, 2010. "Diferenciales salariales por género y región en Colombia: Una aproximación con regresión por cuantiles," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 131, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:region:131
    DOI: 10.32468/dtseru.131
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    Cited by:

    1. Carmiña O. Vargas, 2011. "Desigualdad de salarios en Colombia: evidencia a partir de encuestas de hogares 1984 -2010," Borradores de Economia 661, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    2. Gustavo A. García, 2017. "Labor Informality: Choice or Sign of Segmentation? A Quantile Regression Approach at the Regional Level for Colombia," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 21(4), pages 985-1017, November.
    3. Luis Armando Galvis A., 2012. "Informalidad laboral en las áreas urbanas de Colombia," Coyuntura Económica, Fedesarrollo, June.
    4. Luis E. Arango & Luz A. Flórez & María A. Olarte-Delgado, 2019. "Precio del carbón y dinámica laboral en Valledupar," Revista de Economía del Rosario, Universidad del Rosario, vol. 22(2), pages 313-370, December.
    5. Arango-Thomas, Luis Eduardo, 2012. "Mercado de trabajo de Colombia : suma de partes heterogéneas," Chapters, in: Arango-Thomas, Luis Eduardo & Hamann-Salcedo, Franz Alonso (ed.), El mercado de trabajo en Colombia : hechos, tendencias e instituciones, chapter 4, pages 167-205, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    6. Cristian Dario Castillo Robayo & Julimar Da Silva Bichara & Manuel Pérez-Trujillo, 2017. "Retornos salariales para Colombia, un análisis cuantílico," Revista Apuntes del Cenes, Universidad Pedagógica y Tecnológica de Colombia, vol. 36(63), pages 211-246, January.
    7. Mora, Jhon James & Arcila, Andrés Mauricio, 2014. "Brechas salariales por etnia y ubicación geográfica en Santiago de Cali || Wage Gap by Geographic Location and Ethnicity in Cali (Colombia)," Revista de Métodos Cuantitativos para la Economía y la Empresa = Journal of Quantitative Methods for Economics and Business Administration, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Department of Quantitative Methods for Economics and Business Administration, vol. 18(1), pages 34-53, December.
    8. Luis E. Arango & Luz A. Flórez & María A. Olarte-Delgado, 2018. "Precio del carbón y dinámica laboral en Valledupar," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 271, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    9. María Teresa Ripoll, 2015. "[Ensayo] Género e historia empresarial en Colombia: Un balance bibliográfico, 1980 - 2013," Revista Economía y Región, Universidad Tecnológica de Bolívar, vol. 9(2), pages 201-219, December.
    10. Andrés Sanchez - Jabba, 2011. "Etnia y rendimiento académico en Colombia," Revista de Economía del Rosario, Universidad del Rosario, November.
    11. Juan Byron Correa Fonnegra & Carlos Augusto Viáfara López & Víctor Hugo Zuluaga González, 2011. "Desigualdad étnico-racial en la distribución del ingreso en Colombia: Un análisis a partir de Regresión Cuantílica," Revista Sociedad y Economía - CIDSE, Universidad del Valle - CIDSE, February.
    12. Arango-Thomas, Luis Eduardo & Hamann-Salcedo, Franz Alonso (ed.), 2012. "El mercado de trabajo en Colombia : hechos, tendencias e instituciones," Books, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, number 2012-12, June.
    13. Luis Armando Galvis, 2013. "¿El triunfo de Bogotá?: desempeño reciente de la ciudad capital," Documentos de Trabajo Sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 010485, Banco de la República - Economía Regional.
    14. Luis C. Díaz-Canedo, 2018. "[Reseña] Mercado laboral, desempleo femenino y brechas por género en Colombia," Revista Economía y Región, Universidad Tecnológica de Bolívar, vol. 12(1), pages 169-177, June.
    15. Dustin T. G. RODRIGUEZ, 2016. "Returns to Education of Colombian Economists: Analysis from the Theory of Human Capital (2009-2013)," Journal of Economic and Social Thought, KSP Journals, vol. 3(1), pages 139-149, March.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    mercado laboral; discriminación; capital humano; género; brechas salariales; regresión por cuantiles.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J70 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - General
    • C31 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models; Quantile Regressions; Social Interaction Models
    • R10 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - General

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