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The Gender Wage Gap and Poverty in Colombia

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  • Diego F. Angel-Urdinola
  • Quentin Wodon

Abstract

Using 19 years of cross-section wage data, we look at the trend of the ratio of male to female wages in Colombia. First, we observe a long-term trend towards an increase in the gender wage gap that may be related to new labor regulations giving more protection to women and thereby raising the cost of female employment for firms. Second, we measure the impact on poverty of the increasing gap by producing estimates of the income distribution for the subsequent years had the wage gap remained at the low level it used to be in the early 1990s. As mainly low-skilled women suffered from the increase in the wage gap, we find that the phenomenon contributed to an overall increase in poverty during the decade. Copyright 2006 The Authors; Journal compilation 2006 CEIS, Fondazione Giacomo Brodolini and Blackwell Publishing Ltd..

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  • Diego F. Angel-Urdinola & Quentin Wodon, 2006. "The Gender Wage Gap and Poverty in Colombia," LABOUR, CEIS, vol. 20(4), pages 721-739, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:labour:v:20:y:2006:i:4:p:721-739
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. William J. Carrington & Kenneth R. Troske, 1998. "Sex Segregation in U.S. Manufacturing," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 51(3), pages 445-464, April.
    2. Vélez, Carlos Eduardo & Leibovich, Jose & Kugler, Adriana & Bouillón, Cesar & Núñez, Jairo, 2001. "The Reversal of Inequality Trends in Colombia, 1978-1995: A Combination of Persistent and Fluctuating Forces," MPRA Paper 69701, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Diego F. ANGEL URDINOLA & Quentin WODON, 2003. "Relative labor supply and the gender wage Gap: Evidence for Colombia and the United States," ARCHIVOS DE ECONOMÍA 003452, DEPARTAMENTO NACIONAL DE PLANEACIÓN.
    4. William J. Carrington & Kenneth R. Troske, 1995. "Gender Segregation in Small Firms," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 30(3), pages 503-533.
    5. David H. Autor & Lawrence F. Katz & Alan B. Krueger, 1998. "Computing Inequality: Have Computers Changed the Labor Market?," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 113(4), pages 1169-1213.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Alejandro Hoyos & Ximena Peña & Hugo R. Ñopo, 2010. "The Persistent Gender Earnings Gap in Colombia, 1994-2006," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 1802, Inter-American Development Bank.
    2. Juan Pablo Atal & Hugo R. Ñopo & Natalia Winder, 2009. "New Century, Old Disparities: Gender and Ethnic Wage Gaps in Latin America," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 1131, Inter-American Development Bank.
    3. Gimenez-Nadal, J. Ignacio & Molina, José Alberto & Silva Quintero, Edgar, 2016. "How Forced Displacements Caused by a Violent Conflict Affect Wages in Colombia," IZA Discussion Papers 9926, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    4. Enrique PINZON GARCIA & Oscar M. VALENCIA ARANA, 2006. "The Determinants of Colombian Firm´s Debt-Asset Ratio (1997-2003)," ARCHIVOS DE ECONOMÍA 003582, DEPARTAMENTO NACIONAL DE PLANEACIÓN.
    5. Catia Nicodemo & Gustavo Adolfo García, 2015. "Job Search Channels, Neighborhood Effects, and Wages Inequality in Developing Countries: The Colombian Case," The Developing Economies, Institute of Developing Economies, vol. 53(2), pages 75-99, June.
    6. Luis Armando Galvis, 2010. "Diferenciales salariales por género y región en Colombia: una aproximación con regresión por cuantiles," REVISTA DE ECONOMÍA DEL ROSARIO, UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO, November.
    7. Aristizábal-Ramírez, María & Canavire Bacarreza, Gustavo J & Jetter, Michael, 2015. "Income Inequality in Bolivia, Colombia, and Ecuador: Different Reasons," IZA Discussion Papers 9210, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    8. Arturo Galindo & Marcela Meléndez Arjona, 2010. "Corporate Tax Stimulus and Investment in Colombia," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 1716, Inter-American Development Bank.
    9. Daniela Santos Cárdenas, 2017. "Faldas por pantalones: las obreras, la brecha salarial, y el sindicalismo femenino en la industria en Colombia en 1945," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 015669, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
    10. Sara de la Rica & Luz Karime Abadía Alvarado, 2011. "Changes in the Gender Wage Gap and the Role of Education and Other Job Characteristics: Colombia 1994-2010," VNIVERSITAS ECONÓMICA 010088, UNIVERSIDAD JAVERIANA - BOGOTÁ.

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