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Relative labor supply and the gender wage Gap: Evidence for Colombia and the United States




  • Quentin WODON



Under imperfect substitution between men and women and no discrimination, a higher relative supply of labor by women should reduce female wages as compared to male wages. By contrast, under gender discrimination and perfect substitution, an increase in the relative labor supply of women should reduce the gender wage gap. Using a simple conceptual framework and 20 years of cross-sectional wage data from both the United States and Colombia, empirical tests on the relationship between relative labor supply and the gender wage gap suggest that discrimination is a more important issue than imperfect substitution. The evidence is especially strong in Colombia.

Suggested Citation

  • Diego F. ANGEL URDINOLA & Quentin WODON, 2003. "Relative labor supply and the gender wage Gap: Evidence for Colombia and the United States," Archivos de Economía 003452, Departamento Nacional de Planeación.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000118:003452

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Jairo Núñez & Roberto Steiner & Ximena Cadena & Renata Pardo, 2002. "¿Cuáles Colegios Ofrecen Mejor Educación En Colombia?," Documentos CEDE 003796, Universidad de los Andes - CEDE.
    2. Javier A. Birchenall, 2007. "Income distribution and macroeconomics in Colombia," Journal of Income Distribution, Ad libros publications inc., vol. 16(2), pages 6-24, June.
    3. Ortega, Juan Ricardo & Piraquive, Gabriel Armando & Hernandez, Gustavo Adolfo & Soto, Carolina & Prada, Sergio & Ramirez, Juan Mauricio, 2000. "Incidencia fiscal de los incentivos tributarios
      [Fiscal Incidence of tax incentives]
      ," MPRA Paper 14016, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Francisco Javier Lasso, 2003. "Economías de escala en los hogares y la pobreza," Revista de Economía del Rosario, Universidad del Rosario, June.
    5. Castro Carlos Alberto, 2001. "Eficiencia-X en el sector bancario colombiano," Revista Desarrollo y Sociedad, Universidad de los Andes - CEDE, September.
    6. Juan Carlos ECHEVERRY GARZON, 2002. "El siglo del modelo de desarrollo," Archivos de Economía 002552, Departamento Nacional de Planeación.
    7. Fernando MESA PARRA, 2001. "Strategic Trade Policy and Exchange Rate Uncertainty," Archivos de Economía 003527, Departamento Nacional de Planeación.
    8. Andrés ESCOBAR ARANGO & Gustavo Adolfo HERNANDEZ & Gabriel PIRAQUIVE & Juan Mauricio RAMIREZ, 2003. "Elementos para el análisis de incidencia tributaria," Archivos de Economía 002571, Departamento Nacional de Planeación.
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    Cited by:

    1. Diego F. Angel‐Urdinola & Quentin Wodon, 2006. "The Gender Wage Gap and Poverty in Colombia," LABOUR, CEIS, vol. 20(4), pages 721-739, December.
    2. Daniela Santos Cárdenas, 2017. "Faldas por pantalones: las obreras, la brecha salarial, y el sindicalismo femenino en la industria en Colombia en 1945," Documentos CEDE 015669, Universidad de los Andes - CEDE.
    3. Daniela Santos Cárdenas, 2017. "Faldas por pantalones: las obreras y la brecha salarial en la industria colombiana en 1945," Tiempo y Economía, Universidad de Bogotá Jorge Tadeo Lozano, vol. 4(2), August.

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