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Relative labor supply and the gender wage Gap: Evidence for Colombia and the United States

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  • Diego F. ANGEL URDINOLA
  • Quentin WODON

Abstract

Under imperfect substitution between men and women and no discrimination, a higher relative supply of labor by women should reduce female wages as compared to male wages. By contrast, under gender discrimination and perfect substitution, an increase in the relative labor supply of women should reduce the gender wage gap. Using a simple conceptual framework and 20 years of cross-sectional wage data from both the United States and Colombia, empirical tests on the relationship between relative labor supply and the gender wage gap suggest that discrimination is a more important issue than imperfect substitution. The evidence is especially strong in Colombia.

Suggested Citation

  • Diego F. ANGEL URDINOLA & Quentin WODON, 2003. "Relative labor supply and the gender wage Gap: Evidence for Colombia and the United States," Archivos de Economía 3452, Departamento Nacional de Planeación.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000118:003452
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    Cited by:

    1. Diego F. Angel‐Urdinola & Quentin Wodon, 2004. "The Impact on Inequality of Raising the Minimum Wage: Gap‐narrowing and Reranking Effects," LABOUR, CEIS, vol. 18(2), pages 317-327, June.
    2. Enrique PINZON GARCIA & Oscar M. VALENCIA ARANA, 2006. "The Determinants of Colombian Firm´s Debt-Asset Ratio (1997-2003)," Archivos de Economía 3582, Departamento Nacional de Planeación.
    3. Maria Otilia Orozco, 2005. "Colombia's Higher Education Quality Control System and Potential for Further Development," Archivos de Economía 2139, Departamento Nacional de Planeación.
    4. Diego F. Angel‐Urdinola & Quentin Wodon, 2006. "The Gender Wage Gap and Poverty in Colombia," LABOUR, CEIS, vol. 20(4), pages 721-739, December.
    5. Luz Karime Abadía Alvarado & Sara De la Rica, 2020. "The evolution of the gender wage gap in Colombia: 1994 and 2010," Revista Cuadernos de Economia, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, FCE, CID, vol. 39(81), pages 857-895, July.
    6. José Daniel REYES PENA, 2003. "The cost of disinflation in Colombia: -A sacrifice Ratio Approach-," Archivos de Economía 3579, Departamento Nacional de Planeación.
    7. Daniela Santos Cárdenas, 2017. "Faldas por pantalones: las obreras, la brecha salarial, y el sindicalismo femenino en la industria en Colombia en 1945," Documentos CEDE 15669, Universidad de los Andes, Facultad de Economía, CEDE.
    8. Sara de la Rica; Luz Karime Abadía Alvarado & Luz Karime Abadía Alvarado, 2011. "Changes in the Gender Wage Gap and the Role of Education and Other Job Characteristics: Colombia 1994-2010," Vniversitas Económica 10088, Universidad Javeriana - Bogotá.
    9. Daniela Santos Cárdenas, 2017. "Faldas por pantalones: las obreras y la brecha salarial en la industria colombiana en 1945," Tiempo y Economía, Universidad de Bogotá Jorge Tadeo Lozano, vol. 4(2), August.
    10. Diego F. ANGEL-URDINOLA, 2004. "A Minimum Wage Increase Can Have an Adverse Distributional Impact:The case of Colombia," Archivos de Economía 1922, Departamento Nacional de Planeación.

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    Discrimination;

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