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¿Cuáles colegios ofrecen mejor educación en Colombia?

Author

Listed:
  • Roberto Steiner

    ()

  • Jairo Núñez M.

    ()

  • Ximena Cadena O.

    ()

  • Renata Pardo P.

    ()

Abstract

En este estudio se determinan las diferencias en las pruebas del Icfes entre alumnos de colegios pu?blicos y privados. Despue?s de controlar por las caracteri?sticas de los individuos, del hogar, de la infraestructura del colegio y el nivel educativo de los docentes, tanto a nivel nacional como a nivel urbano y rural se encuentra una diferencia significativa en favor de los privados. E?sta es atribuible a caracteri?sticas no observables, entre las que figuran el sistema de incentivos y ascensos de los maestros. Las diferencias a favor de los colegios privados son ma?s marcadas en los niveles de ingresos medios y altos y, de hecho, en el nivel de ingreso ma?s bajo los estudiantes de colegios pu?blicos obtienen logros superiores. Como una primera aproximacio?n a los efectos de las caracteri?sticas no observables, comparamos los logros de colegios pu?blicos, privados y de educacio?n contratada (educacio?n pu?blica administrada por la iglesia) en los 36 municipios donde e?sta funciona. Se encuentra una diferencia significativa a favor de la educacio?n contratada, y resultados ma?s favorables para los colegios pu?blicos que para los privados. Dado que en estos municipios operan programas de Escuela Nueva -innovadora versio?n de escuela pu?blica- ello sugiere que no so?lo importa la diferencia entre colegios pu?blicos y privados, sino tambie?n las diferencias dentro de cada grupo de ellos. En todos los casos, controlamos por la endogeneidad en la escogencia del colegio, algo novedoso para Colombia.

Suggested Citation

  • Roberto Steiner & Jairo Núñez M. & Ximena Cadena O. & Renata Pardo P., 2002. "¿Cuáles colegios ofrecen mejor educación en Colombia?," COYUNTURA SOCIAL 012943, FEDESARROLLO.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000486:012943
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Educación; Educación Pública; Educación Privada; Incentivos; Calidad de la Educación; Colombia;

    JEL classification:

    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • I28 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Government Policy

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