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Gender and Ethnic Inequalities in LAC Countries

Author

Listed:
  • Carla Canelas

    () (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, PSE - Paris School of Economics)

  • Silvia Salazar

    () (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, PSE - Paris School of Economics)

Abstract

This article examines the structure of gender and ethnic wage gaps and the distribution of both paid and unpaid work in LAC countries. Its main contribution is to expose the double discrimination endured by women in the région. Indeed, the results indicate that women are highly discriminated in the job market and undertake most of the domestic activities in the household, allocating in average 40 hours per week to paid market activities and another 40 hours to in-home unpaid activities. The indigenous population also suffers from discrimination, but the wage gap in mainly explained by the difference in endowments, highlighting their limited access to education and their concentration in rural areas. The wage quantile decomposition results suggest the presence of sticky floor effects for both women and indigenous workers.

Suggested Citation

  • Carla Canelas & Silvia Salazar, 2014. "Gender and Ethnic Inequalities in LAC Countries," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00973891, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:cesptp:halshs-00973891
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00973891v2
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Campaña, Juan Carlos & Gimenez-Nadal, J. Ignacio & Molina, José Alberto, 2015. "Gender differences in the distribution of total work-time of Latin- American families: the importance of social norms," MPRA Paper 62759, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Carla Canelas & Rachel Gisselquist, 2017. "Human Capital, Labor Market Outcomes and Horizontal Inequality in Guatemala," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-01658795, HAL.
    3. Carla Canelas & Rachel M. Gisselquist, 2017. "Human capital, labour market outcomes, and horizontal inequality in Guatemala," WIDER Working Paper Series 091, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    4. Carla Canelas & Rachel Gisselquist, 2017. "Human Capital, Labour Market Outcomes and Horizontal Inequality in Guatemala," Documents de travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne 17045, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1), Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne.
    5. Juan Carlos, Campaña & J. Ignacio, Giménez-Nadal & Jose Alberto, Molina, 2017. "Self-employment and educational childcare time: Evidence from Latin America," MPRA Paper 77360, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Juan Carlos, Campaña & J. Ignacio, Giménez-Nadal & Jose Alberto, Molina, 2017. "Differences between self-employed and employed mothers in balancing family and work responsibilities: Evidence from Latin American countries," MPRA Paper 77964, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    inequality; ethnicity; gender; time-use;

    JEL classification:

    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J71 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Hiring and Firing

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