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Gender Inequalities in Allocating Time to Paid and Unpaid Work: Evidence from Bolivia

Author

Listed:
  • Marcelo Medeiros
  • Rafael Guerreiro Osório
  • Joana Costa

Abstract

This working paper analyzes paid and unpaid work-time inequalities among Bolivian urban adults using time use data from a 2001 household survey. We identified a gender-based division of labor characterized not so much by who does what type of work but by how much work of each type they do. There is a trade-off between paid and unpaid work, but this trade-off is only partial: women's entry into the labor market tends to result in a double shift of paid and unpaid work. We also find very high levels of within-group inequality in the distributions of paid and unpaid work-time for men and women, a sign that, beyond the sexual division of labor, subgroup differentiation is also important. Using decompositions of the inequality in the distribution of total time spent at work, we show that gender plays an important role in determining the proportion of paid to unpaid work done by individuals, but it plays a lesser role in determining the higher total workload of some individuals relative to others.

Suggested Citation

  • Marcelo Medeiros & Rafael Guerreiro Osório & Joana Costa, 2007. "Gender Inequalities in Allocating Time to Paid and Unpaid Work: Evidence from Bolivia," Economics Working Paper Archive wp_495, Levy Economics Institute.
  • Handle: RePEc:lev:wrkpap:wp_495
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    Cited by:

    1. Guo, Qian & Song, Yang & Sun, Wenkai & Wang, Yijie, 2016. "Gender differences in performance-based pay: Evidence from a Chinese University," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 104-113.
    2. Carla Canelas & Silvia Salazar, 2014. "Gender and Ethnicity in Bolivia, Ecuador and Guatemala," Documents de travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne 14021, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1), Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne.
    3. Carla Canelas & Silvia Salazar, 2014. "Gender and ethnic inequalities in LAC countries," IZA Journal of Labor & Development, Springer;Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH (IZA), vol. 3(1), pages 1-15, December.
    4. World Bank Group, 2015. "Bolivia," World Bank Other Operational Studies 23829, The World Bank.
    5. Paz, Jorge & Arévalo, Carla, 2014. "Nivel y desigualdad por género en el uso del tiempo en la Argentina. Una nota introductoria
      [Gender inequality in the use of time in Argentina. An introductory note]
      ," MPRA Paper 56085, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply

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