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Gender and Ethnicity in Bolivia, Ecuador and Guatemala

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Abstract

In this article, we examine the structure of gender and ethnic wage gaps, and the distribution of both, paid and unpaid work in Bolivia, Ecuador and Guatemala. The wage gap is assessed by quantile decomposition methods and the classical Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition. The determinants of hours allocated to paid and unpaid work activities between gender groups, are estimated by seemingly unrelated regressions. The results indicate that women are highly discriminated in the job market and undertake most of the domestic activities of the households. The indigenous population also suffers from discrimination, but the wage gap is mostly explained by the difference in endowments. The wider gap at the lower tail of the distribution suggest the presence of stickly floors effects for both, women and indigenous population

Suggested Citation

  • Carla Canelas & Silvia Salazar, 2014. "Gender and Ethnicity in Bolivia, Ecuador and Guatemala," Documents de travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne 14021, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1), Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne.
  • Handle: RePEc:mse:cesdoc:14021
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    Cited by:

    1. Luis Escalante & Helene Maisonnave, 2020. "Assessing the impacts of climate change on women's poverty and domestic burdens: A Bolivian case study," Working Papers hal-02970249, HAL.
    2. Maira Emy Reimão & Emcet O. Taş, 2017. "Gender Education Gaps among Indigenous and Non-Indigenous Groups in Bolivia," Development and Change, International Institute of Social Studies, vol. 48(2), pages 228-262, March.
    3. World Bank Group, 2015. "Bolivia," World Bank Other Operational Studies 23829, The World Bank.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Discrimination; ethnicity; gender; time-use;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J71 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Hiring and Firing

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