IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this paper

Evolución De Las Diferencias Salariales Por Sexo En Seis Países De América Latina Un Intento De Interpretación

  • Jaime Tenjo G


  • Rocío Ribero M.


  • Luisa Fernanda Bernat D.


Este documento analiza la evolución de las diferencias más marcadas por género en los mercados laborales de seis países de América Latina. Se estudian la participación laboral, el desempleo, las oportunidades de trabajo y los ingresos durante las dos últimas décadas del Siglo XX. Los resultados en la situación de la mujer en el Mercado laboral son mixtos: por un lado, los diferenciales de salarios por hora han disminuido significativamente, y, por otro lado, el acceso de la mujer al empleo también ha disminuido relativamente al masculino. La segmentación del mercado observada no parece ser responsable las diferencias observadas en salarios por hora. Antes bien, las diferencias observadas en salarios por hora entre hombres y mujeres parecen estar asociadas con patrones de remuneración laboral al interior de sectores y al interior de ocupaciones. El análisis realizado de regresión de ingresos sugiere que los diferenciales en salarios por hora disminuyen al aumentar el capital humano, indicando que aunque es posible que todavía queden rezagos de discriminación en contra de las mujeres, esta discriminación es estadística (a la Phelps), más que basada en prejuicios contra el género femenino. El tipo de discriminación que persiste es el basado en los roles tradicionales femeninos que todavía hacen de la mujer la más responsable por la administración del hogar y el cuidado de los hijos.

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

File URL:
Download Restriction: no

Paper provided by UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE in its series DOCUMENTOS CEDE with number 002656.

in new window

Length: 59
Date of creation: 25 Mar 2005
Handle: RePEc:col:000089:002656
Contact details of provider:

References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:

as in new window
  1. Heckman, James J, 1979. "Sample Selection Bias as a Specification Error," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 47(1), pages 153-161, January.
  2. Stiglitz, Joseph E, 1973. "Approaches to the Economics of Discrimination," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 63(2), pages 287-295, May.
  3. Coate, Stephen & Loury, Glenn C, 1993. "Will Affirmative-Action Policies Eliminate Negative Stereotypes?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 83(5), pages 1220-1240, December.
  4. Altonji, Joseph G. & Blank, Rebecca M., 1999. "Race and gender in the labor market," Handbook of Labor Economics, in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 48, pages 3143-3259 Elsevier.
  5. Black, Dan A, 1995. "Discrimination in an Equilibrium Search Model," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 13(2), pages 309-333, April.
  6. Phelps, Edmund S, 1972. "The Statistical Theory of Racism and Sexism," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 62(4), pages 659-661, September.
Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:col:000089:002656. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Universidad De Los Andes-Cede)

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.