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Discriminación étnica e ingresos en la Isla de San Andrés, Colombia

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  • Javier Yabrudy

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Abstract

Resumen: A partir de un análisis de características observables, este documento busca determinar la posible existencia de una brecha en los ingresos entre la población raizal y no raizal en San Andrés Isla. Para ello, se utilizan los datos obtenidos de la encuesta SISBEN II del año 2004, elaborada porel Departamento Nacional de Planeación (DNP). La estrategia metodológica consiste en estimarregresiones por cuantiles, con el objeto de observar si existen diferencias en la remuneración alo largo de la distribución del ingreso. Los resultados sugieren que el ser raizal está asociado demanera negativa con los ingresos de aquellos que se encuentran en la parte baja de la distribución.Esta condición desaparece a medida que aumentan los ingresos, convirtiéndose en positiva en losniveles más altos de la distribución.Abstract: Etnic discrimination and income in San Andrés Island, Colombia:This document examines, bases on the analysis of observable characteristics, if an income gap exists between the raizal population and non raizal population of San Andres Island. For this purpose, the information of the SISBEN II survey for the year 2004, compelled by the National Planning Department (DNP, Spanish acronym) is used. The methodological strategy uses quantile regressions to determine the existence of pay gaps throughout the distribution of income. The results suggest that being raizal has a negative impact on income for the lower quantiles. However, this difference vanishes as income increases, becoming positive at higher levels.

Suggested Citation

  • Javier Yabrudy, 2011. "Discriminación étnica e ingresos en la Isla de San Andrés, Colombia," REVISTA DE ECONOMÍA DEL ROSARIO, UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000151:009338
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    File URL: http://revistas.urosario.edu.co/index.php/economia/article/view/2159/1888
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Koenker, Roger W & Bassett, Gilbert, Jr, 1978. "Regression Quantiles," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 46(1), pages 33-50, January.
    2. Adolfo Meisel Roca, 2003. "La continentalización de la isla de San Andrés, Colombia: Panyas, raizales y turismo, 1953-2003," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL Y URBANA 002953, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
    3. Altonji, Joseph G. & Blank, Rebecca M., 1999. "Race and gender in the labor market," Handbook of Labor Economics,in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 48, pages 3143-3259 Elsevier.
    4. Becker, Gary S., 1971. "The Economics of Discrimination," University of Chicago Press Economics Books, University of Chicago Press, edition 2, number 9780226041162, April.
    5. Jaime Tenjo G & Rocío Ribero M. & Luisa Fernanda Bernat D., 2005. "Evolución De Las Diferencias Salariales Por Sexo En Seis Países De América Latina Un Intento De Interpretación," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 002656, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
    6. Julio Romero P., 2007. "¿Discriminación laboral o capital humano? determinantes del ingreso laboral De los afrocartageneros," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 98, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    7. Carmen Elisa Flórez N. & Carlos Medina D. & Fernando Urrea G., 2003. "Los costos de la exclusio?n social por raza o etnia en Ame?rica Latina y el Caribe," COYUNTURA SOCIAL 012926, FEDESARROLLO.
    8. Phelps, Edmund S, 1972. "The Statistical Theory of Racism and Sexism," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 62(4), pages 659-661, September.
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    10. José Mata & José A. F. Machado, 2005. "Counterfactual decomposition of changes in wage distributions using quantile regression," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 20(4), pages 445-465.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    brecha salarial; desigualdad; regresión por cuantíl; raizal.wage gap; inequality; quantile regression; raizal.;

    JEL classification:

    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J71 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Hiring and Firing

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