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¿Por qué las mujeres no se distribuyen de forma homogénea en el mercado de trabajo español? El “efecto rechazo” y el “efecto atracción”

Author

Listed:
  • Dueñas, Diego

    (Universidad de Alcalá (UAH); Universidad de Valladolid (UVA))

  • Iglesias, Carlos

    (Universidad de Alcalá (UAH))

  • Llorente, Raquel

    (Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (UAM))

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to analize the female labour distribution in 2012 in Spanish Labour Market, by proposing a double perspective: the expulsion or rejection degree suffered by women in male dominated occupations, and the attraction or concentration degree in female dominated occupations. For this purpose, using the Labour Force Survey (LFS), the methodology is based on Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition over the probabilities that men and women have to belong to a masculinized or feminized occupation. The main conclusion is that the concentration degree of women in feminized occupations is higher than the expulsion or rejection degree in masculinized occupations.// El objetivo de este artículo es analizar la distribución laboral femenina en el año 2012 en el mercado de trabajo español, planteada desde una doble perspectiva: el grado de expulsión o rechazo que padecen las mujeres en las ocupaciones masculinizadas, y el grado de atracción o concentración de dicho colectivo en las ocupaciones feminizadas. Para ello —utilizando como base de datos la Encuesta de Población Activa (EPA)—, la metodología utilizada se basa en la descomposición de Oaxaca-Blinder sobre las probabilidades que tienen hombres y mujeres de pertenecer a una ocupación masculinizada o feminizada. La conclusión principal es que el nivel de concentración de las mujeres en las ocupaciones femeninas supera notablemente el grado de expulsión o rechazo de las ocupaciones masculinas.

Suggested Citation

  • Dueñas, Diego & Iglesias, Carlos & Llorente, Raquel, 2016. "¿Por qué las mujeres no se distribuyen de forma homogénea en el mercado de trabajo español? El “efecto rechazo” y el “efecto atracción”," El Trimestre Económico, Fondo de Cultura Económica, vol. 0(330), pages .339-369, abril-jun.
  • Handle: RePEc:elt:journl:v:83:y:2016:i:330:p:339-369
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20430/ete.v83i330.202
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    File URL: http://www.eltrimestreeconomico.com.mx/index.php/te/article/view/202/200
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    género; expulsión; confinamiento; descomposición Oaxaca-Blinder;

    JEL classification:

    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
    • J6 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers

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