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The distribution of gender wage discrimination in Italy and Spain: a comparison using the ECHP

Author

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  • Yolanda Pena-Boquete
  • Sergio De Stefanis
  • Manuel Fernandez-Grela

Abstract

Purpose - In this paper the aim is to focus on the individual distribution of gender wage discrimination in Spain and Italy, relying upon the development of Jenkins' distributional approach proposed in Del Rio Design/methodology/approach - The authors estimate the degree of individual discrimination for each employed woman and, relying on the decomposability properties of these estimates, assess the nature and extent of discrimination across various socio-economic groupings. Findings - Some mechanisms inhibit the access of highly educated women to highly rewarding occupations in Italy, especially in the public sector, but not in Spain. Research limitations/implications - The treatment of occupation and sector of activity has some impact on the results, shedding doubt on the robustness of some previous analyses of discrimination in these countries. Practical implications - While no doubt the appraisal of the glass ceiling in the Italian labour market will gain extensively from further research, some prima facie evidence is found highlighting the role of appointment and promotion procedures. Originality/value - A remarkable institutional divide characterises Spain and Italy in the domain of gender wage discrimination. Powerful political pressure along the lines of gender quotas for public employment has long been in place in Spain, while nothing of the kind has existed in Italy.

Suggested Citation

  • Yolanda Pena-Boquete & Sergio De Stefanis & Manuel Fernandez-Grela, 2010. "The distribution of gender wage discrimination in Italy and Spain: a comparison using the ECHP," International Journal of Manpower, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 31(2), pages 109-137, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:eme:ijmpps:v:31:y:2010:i:2:p:109-137
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Dueñas, Diego & Iglesias, Carlos & Llorente, Raquel, 2016. "¿Por qué las mujeres no se distribuyen de forma homogénea en el mercado de trabajo español? El “efecto rechazo” y el “efecto atracción”," El Trimestre Económico, Fondo de Cultura Económica, vol. 0(330), pages .339-369, abril-jun.
    2. Inés P. Murillo & Hipólito Simón, 2014. "La Gran Recesión y el diferencial salarial por género en España," Hacienda Pública Española, IEF, vol. 208(1), pages 39-76, March.
    3. Sergio Scicchitano, 2014. "The gender wage gap among Spanish managers," International Journal of Manpower, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 35(3), pages 327-344, May.
    4. Lucía Navarro-Gómez & Mario F. Rueda-Narvaez, 2015. "Distribution of the gender wage gap with endogenous human capital: evidence for Spain," Evidence-based HRM: A Global Forum for Empirical Scholarship, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 3(1), pages 25-45, April.
    5. NAVARRO-GÓMEZ, María Lucía & RUEDA-NARVÁEZ, Mario F., 2014. "Segregación Laboral Por Género En España: Efectos Sobre Los Salarios Y La Movilidad Salarial," Regional and Sectoral Economic Studies, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 14(3), pages 131-154.
    6. Mario F. Rueda Narváez & Mª. Lucía Navarro Gómez, 2011. "Las ganancias de los trabajadores inmigrantes en España," Hacienda Pública Española, IEF, vol. 198(3), pages 37-65, September.
    7. Claudio Quintano & Rosalia Castellano & Antonella Rocca, 2010. "Male-female discrimination: an analysis of gender gap and its determinants," Statistica, Department of Statistics, University of Bologna, vol. 70(2), pages 171-190.
    8. Rosalia Castellano & Antonella Rocca, 2015. "Assessing the gender gap in labour market index: volatility of results and reliability," International Journal of Social Economics, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 42(8), pages 749-772, August.
    9. Lin Xiu & Morley Gunderson, 2015. "Occupational segregation and the gender earnings gap in China: devils in the details," International Journal of Manpower, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 36(5), pages 711-732, August.
    10. Marco Biagetti & Sergio Scicchitano, 2016. "Are women in supervisory positions more discriminated against? A multinomial approach," Working Papers 2, Department of the Treasury, Ministry of the Economy and of Finance.
    11. Sergio Scicchitano, 2015. "Exploring the gender wage gap in the managerial labour market:a counterfactual decomposition analysis," Working Papers 2, Department of the Treasury, Ministry of the Economy and of Finance.
    12. Rosalia Castellano & Antonella Rocca, 2014. "Gender gap and labour market participation: A composite indicator for the ranking of European countries," International Journal of Manpower, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 35(3), pages 345-367, May.
    13. Carlo Gianelle & Giuseppe Tattara, 2014. "Vacancy chains and the business cycle. Stringing together job-to-job transitions in micro data," International Journal of Manpower, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 35(8), pages 1212-1235, October.
    14. Mario Federico Rueda Narváez & María Lucía Navarro Gómez, 2014. "Una panorámica de género sobre la segregación laboral en España," Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación volume 9,in: Adela García Aracil & Isabel Neira Gómez (ed.), Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación 9, edition 1, volume 9, chapter 53, pages 999-1015 Asociación de Economía de la Educación.

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