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Effect of the Great Crisis on Sectoral Female Employment in Europe: A Structural Decomposition Analysis

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  • Izaskun Barba

    (Department of Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering, Public University of Navarre, Campus Arrosadia, 31006 Pamplona, Spain)

  • Belen Iraizoz

    (Department of Economics, Public University of Navarre, Campus Arrosadia, 31006 Pamplona, Spain
    Institute for Advanced Research in Business and Economics (INARBE), Campus Arrosadia, 31006 Pamplona, Spain)

Abstract

Sectoral gender segregation in labor markets is a fact. This paper examines the female distribution of employment by sectors in the EU 28, thereby contributing to the literature on the effects of the recession and subsequent austerity measures on female employment. An input-output model and structural decomposition analysis are used to assess the contribution of factors such as technological change, productivity change and final demand change. The latter had a positive impact over the period of analysis by creating new job opportunities for women, especially in the public service sectors, whereas productivity growth had a negative impact, particularly in the private service sectors. These changes have resulted in a reduction in the level of gender sectoral segregation; change in household expenditure again is the main driver of this reduction. Changing trends in labor requirements and gross capital formation have the opposite effect; thus, these trends increase the level of sectoral segregation.

Suggested Citation

  • Izaskun Barba & Belen Iraizoz, 2020. "Effect of the Great Crisis on Sectoral Female Employment in Europe: A Structural Decomposition Analysis," Economies, MDPI, vol. 8(3), pages 1-24, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jecomi:v:8:y:2020:i:3:p:64-:d:397838
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    References listed on IDEAS

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