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Una panorámica de género sobre la segregación laboral en España

In: Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación 9

Author

Listed:
  • Mario Federico Rueda Narváez

    () (Universidad de Málaga)

  • María Lucía Navarro Gómez

    () (Universidad de Málaga)

Abstract

El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo cuantificar el grado en que hombres y mujeres se encuentran segregados en el mercado laboral español; es decir, en qué medida los asalariados se concentran en empleos de distinta naturaleza en función de su sexo. La cuestión es interesante dentro del campo más amplio de las diferencias salariales de género, dado que distintas preferencias o una mayor discriminación en contra de la mujer en algunos empleos puede dar lugar a que éstas se concentren en determinados segmentos del mercado. A su vez, esto provocaría un exceso de oferta de trabajo en tales segmentos, que podría deprimir los salarios recibidos individualmente en los empleos más feminizados (hipótesis de concentración; Bergman, 1974). Así, a partir de datos del Panel de Hogares de la Unión Europea (INE, 1994-2000), planteamos en primer lugar un análisis descriptivo del grado de segregación por género en ocupaciones y sectores de actividad en el mercado laboral español, investigando la remuneración promedio en las distintas categorías. Posteriormente, mediante la estimación de diversos modelos de ganancias, investigaremos en qué medida la tasa de feminización en las distintas ocupaciones y sectores de actividad se asocia a menores salarios individuales tanto para mujeres como hombres, contribuyendo a explicar, al menos en parte, el diferencial en salarios por género. Los resultados obtenidos, por tanto, supondrán una aportación a la literatura sobre discriminación salarial contra las mujeres en España.

Suggested Citation

  • Mario Federico Rueda Narváez & María Lucía Navarro Gómez, 2014. "Una panorámica de género sobre la segregación laboral en España," Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación volume 9,in: Adela García Aracil & Isabel Neira Gómez (ed.), Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación 9, edition 1, volume 9, chapter 53, pages 999-1015 Asociación de Economía de la Educación.
  • Handle: RePEc:aec:ieed09:09-53
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Segregación laboral; Salarios; Discriminación;

    JEL classification:

    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J70 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - General

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