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Una panorámica de género sobre la segregación laboral en España

In: Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación 9

Listed author(s):
  • Mario Federico Rueda Narváez

    ()

    (Universidad de Málaga)

  • María Lucía Navarro Gómez

    ()

    (Universidad de Málaga)

Registered author(s):

    El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo cuantificar el grado en que hombres y mujeres se encuentran segregados en el mercado laboral español; es decir, en qué medida los asalariados se concentran en empleos de distinta naturaleza en función de su sexo. La cuestión es interesante dentro del campo más amplio de las diferencias salariales de género, dado que distintas preferencias o una mayor discriminación en contra de la mujer en algunos empleos puede dar lugar a que éstas se concentren en determinados segmentos del mercado. A su vez, esto provocaría un exceso de oferta de trabajo en tales segmentos, que podría deprimir los salarios recibidos individualmente en los empleos más feminizados (hipótesis de concentración; Bergman, 1974). Así, a partir de datos del Panel de Hogares de la Unión Europea (INE, 1994-2000), planteamos en primer lugar un análisis descriptivo del grado de segregación por género en ocupaciones y sectores de actividad en el mercado laboral español, investigando la remuneración promedio en las distintas categorías. Posteriormente, mediante la estimación de diversos modelos de ganancias, investigaremos en qué medida la tasa de feminización en las distintas ocupaciones y sectores de actividad se asocia a menores salarios individuales tanto para mujeres como hombres, contribuyendo a explicar, al menos en parte, el diferencial en salarios por género. Los resultados obtenidos, por tanto, supondrán una aportación a la literatura sobre discriminación salarial contra las mujeres en España.

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    This chapter was published in:
  • Adela García Aracil & Isabel Neira Gómez (ed.), 2014. "Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación," E-books Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación, Asociación de Economía de la Educación, edition 1, volume 9, number 09, August.
  • This item is provided by Asociación de Economía de la Educación in its series Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación volume 9 with number 09-53.
    Handle: RePEc:aec:ieed09:09-53
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.economicsofeducation.com

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    1. Lassibille, Gerard, 1998. "Wage Gaps Between the Public and Private Sectors in Spain," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 17(1), pages 83-92, February.
    2. George Psacharopoulos & Harry Anthony Patrinos, 2004. "Returns to investment in education: a further update," Education Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(2), pages 111-134.
    3. Jacob A. Mincer, 1974. "Introduction to "Schooling, Experience, and Earnings"," NBER Chapters,in: Schooling, Experience, and Earnings, pages 1-4 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Yolanda Pena-Boquete, 2010. "The distribution of gender wage discrimination in Italy and Spain: a comparison using the ECHP," International Journal of Manpower, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 31(2), pages 109-137, May.
    5. Altonji, Joseph G. & Blank, Rebecca M., 1999. "Race and gender in the labor market," Handbook of Labor Economics,in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 48, pages 3143-3259 Elsevier.
    6. Yoram Weiss & Reuben Gronau, 1981. "Expected Interruptions in Labour Force Participation and Sex-Related Differences in Earnings Growth," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 48(4), pages 607-619.
    7. Sara de la Rica & Arantza Ugidos, 1995. "¿Son las diferencias en capital humano determinantes en las diferencias salariales observadas entre hombres y mujeres?," Investigaciones Economicas, Fundación SEPI, vol. 19(3), pages 395-414, September.
    8. Sara Rica & Juan Dolado & Vanesa Llorens, 2008. "Ceilings or floors? Gender wage gaps by education in Spain," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 21(3), pages 777-778, July.
    9. Coral Río & Carlos Gradín & Olga Cantó, 2011. "The measurement of gender wage discrimination: the distributional approach revisited," The Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer;Society for the Study of Economic Inequality, vol. 9(1), pages 57-86, March.
    10. Jacob Mincer & Solomon Polachek, 1974. "Family Investments in Human Capital: Earnings of Women," NBER Chapters,in: Marriage, Family, Human Capital, and Fertility, pages 76-110 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    11. Gang, Ira N. & Landon-Lane, John & Yun, Myeong-Su, 2003. "Does the Glass Ceiling Exist? A Cross-National Perspective on Gender Income Mobility," IZA Discussion Papers 713, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    12. Jacob A. Mincer, 1974. "Age and Experience Profiles of Earnings," NBER Chapters,in: Schooling, Experience, and Earnings, pages 64-82 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    13. Polachek, Solomon William, 1981. "Occupational Self-Selection: A Human Capital Approach to Sex Differences in Occupational Structure," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 63(1), pages 60-69, February.
    14. Arrazola, María & de Hevia, José, 2008. "Three measures of returns to education: An illustration for the case of Spain," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 27(3), pages 266-275, June.
    15. Jacob A. Mincer, 1974. "Schooling, Experience, and Earnings," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number minc74-1, Enero-Jun.
    16. Elaine Sorensen, 1990. "The Crowding Hypothesis and Comparable Worth," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 25(1), pages 55-89.
    17. Becker, Gary S., 1971. "The Economics of Discrimination," University of Chicago Press Economics Books, University of Chicago Press, edition 2, number 9780226041162, April.
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